Archives de catégorie : Vie de la recherche

Alexandra de Mersan  » Retour en Arakan ou comment comprendre la lente exclusion des Rohingyas « 

Zones de conflits au Myanmar depuis 1995 (carte datée de 2016). CentreLeftRight, Aoetearoa/Wikimedia

 

 

Le 25 août dernier, des membres d’une organisation armée dénommée l’Armée de libération des Rohingyas de l’Arakan (ARSA) ont mené une série d’attaques contre des postes de police dans l’État d’Arakan (ou Rakhine), à l’ouest de la Birmanie, afin de « défendre et de protéger la communauté musulmane d’Arakan ».

En octobre 2016, ce groupe avait déjà attaqué trois postes frontière dans la région. La réponse de l’armée birmane et les affrontements qui ont suivi ont provoqué en l’espace de deux semaines, un nouvel exode de musulmans dans le Bangladesh voisin. Quelques 300 000 réfugiés sont alors venus s’ajouter à d’autres dizaines de milliers, installés dans des camps, ou alentours, près de la frontière, tandis que les autres populations civiles d’Arakan non musulmanes, bouddhistes et hindoues surtout, se réfugiaient vers le sud de la région.

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intervention d’Alexandra de Mersan sur RFI – samedi 16 sept. 20h10 Géopolitique, le débat Podcast La transition démocratique et la stabilité de la Birmanie sont-elles menacées?

Des Rohingyas dans le camp de réfugiés de Kutapalong, au Bangladesh, où ils ont fui la répression de l’armée birmane, le 9 septembre 2017.© AFP/Munir UZ ZAMAN

 

Le cap des 350.000 musulmans Rohingyas réfugiés au Bangladesh pour fuir les violences a été franchi. L’ONU évoque ce qui semble être un exemple classique de nettoyage ethnique. Que veut l’armée birmane ? Aung Saan Suu Kyi à la tête de l’Etat birman est-elle impuissante ou indifférente ?

Invités :
Sophie Boisseau du Rocher, chercheure associée au Centre Asie de l’IFRI.
Alexandra de Mersan, enseignante chercheure à l’INALCO. Rattachée du Centre Asie du Sud-Est au CNRS. Détachée à l’IRASEC, l’Institut de Recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est Contemporaine.

 

Intervention de Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière sur France Culture « Nettoyage ethnique » en Birmanie : pourquoi la minorité musulmane Rohingya est-elle persécutée ? » – 13/09/2017

Le moine de Myanmar Wirathu, à la célébration de l’organisation MaBaTha (Comité de Protection de la Race et de la Religion), à Mandalay, le 21 septembre 2015.• Crédits : PHYO MG MG – AFPPodcast :  https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/linvite-des-matins/nettoyage-ethnique-en-birmanie-pourquoi-la-minorite-musulmane-rohingya

ASEAN Forum 2017 : Women in ASEAN

ASEAN Forum 2017 : Women in ASEAN, 06/10/2017, New Law School, Camperdown Campus, University of Sydney

In the 50th year of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN Forum 2017 explores the role of women in our region; acknowledging accomplishments and shedding light on the challenges faced by women in Southeast Asia.

ASEAN Forum 2017 will bring together leading academic thinkers, activists and policy makers to discuss and debate the political, economic and social position of women in Southeast Asia and what is being done to advance the standing of women in the region. The forum will focus on women’s involvement in three key domains: work, politics and development.

As part of ASEAN Forum 2017, two additional events will be held on 5 October 2017.

  • Women in Business
  • Women and Health

Voir le programme et la  liste des intervenants sur : http://sydney.edu.au/sydney-southeast-asia-centre/events/ASEAN-Forum-2017.html

Postgraduate Conference – Movement: Southeast Asia

Postgraduate Conference : « Movement: Southeast Asia », 22/09/2017, SOAS

Summary

With evolving political, social, and cultural currents in Southeast Asia, movement is an important discursive lens to understand the dynamism of the region. Reflecting on movements, and change—from prehistory to the contemporary period—can improve our understanding of Southeast Asia, in terms of its constituent nation-states, peoples, and cultures, and as a region as well as an area of study. For this first postgraduate conference on Southeast Asia at SOAS, we invite papers that consider “movement.” For example, how can we critically investigate migration? Conflict and displacement? Diaspora and transnationalism? Trade? The movement of objects in and out of the region? Political movements? Social movements? Artistic movements? The movement of bodies in performance? Exchanges of ideas? Musical, visual, or filmic influences? Translation? Changes in the natural or architectural landscape? Climate change, resources, and resilience? Or indeed rethinking the delimitations of Southeast Asia as a region—and as an object of “area studies”?

Registration

The conference is open to all, free of charge but registration is essential. Please register here

This conference is organised by postgraduate students with the generous support from the SOAS Centre of South East Asian Studies and the School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics

Voir : https://www.soas.ac.uk/cseas/events/22sep2017-postgraduate-conference-movement-southeast-asia-.html

Continuer la lecture de Postgraduate Conference – Movement: Southeast Asia

Indonesia in the new world: globalisation, nationalism and sovereignty

Indonesia Update 2017 : Indonesia in the new world: globalisation, nationalism and sovereignty, 15-16 /09/ 2017, Australian National University

Today, globalisation is more complex than ever. The effects of the global financial crisis and increased inequality have in many countries spurred anti-global sentiment, and encouraged the adoption of populist and inward-looking policies. Discontent has manifested in some surprising results: Brexit, Trump, and possibly more to come. In Indonesia it has led to rising protectionism, a rejection of foreign interference in the name of nationalism, and economic policies dominated by calls for self-sufficiency. Meanwhile, human trafficking and the abuse of migrant workers have shown the other side of globalisation.

At the 2017 Indonesia Update conference, leading experts will explore key issues around globalisation, nationalism, and sovereignty in modern Indonesia. Topics will include the historical dynamics of Indonesia’s engagement with the global world, its stance in the South China Sea, and the emergence of new nationalism. Speakers will also examine nationalism in practice (for example, food sovereignty and resource nationalism) and the impact of and response to globalisation, as well as poverty, inequality, and gender issues.

LIVE STREAMING

The Political Update and Economic Update sessions will be live streamed at the ANU Indonesia Project Facebook page from 09:00AEST/06:00WIB on Friday 15 September. Other sessions will be video recorded and uploaded to the Indonesia Project YouTube channel in the weeks after the conference.

Voir le programme complet sur : http://www.newmandala.org/home/indonesia-new-world-globalisation-nationalism-sovereignty/

Rituals across Buddhist Cultures: challenges, virtues and methods

Le séminaire Anthropologie comparée du bouddhisme,
animé par Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière (Centre Asie du Sud-Est)
et Nicolas Sihlé (Centre d’études himalayennes),
reprendra le 13 octobre 2017, au 54 bd Raspail, salle 751 de 9h30 à 12h30.

Pour cette séance inaugurale, nous aurons le plaisir d’accueillir
John Clifford HOLT,
Professor of Humanities in Religion and Asian Studies
au Bowdoin College (Brunswick, Maine, USA).

Sa conférence, intitulée :
Rituals across Buddhist Cultures: challenges, virtues and methods
sera l’occasion de revenir sur son dernier ouvrage Buddhist Traditions: Ritual Cultures in Contemporary Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka
(University of Hawai’i Press, 2017).

Quatre séances suivant la conférence du Prof. Holt seront consacrées à la discussion des quatre grandes catégories de rituels dont il traite dans son livre : les grands rituels d’Etat, les ordinations, les grands rituels de dons méritoires (kathina / kathein), les rituels funéraires. Ces discussions ont pour objectif, en prenant comme point de départ les données de l’ouvrage de J. Holt et parfois d’autres lectures, d’affiner le regard comparatif sur ces types de rituels, y compris en regardant au-delà des seules traditions du Theravada examinées par J. Holt. Le programme précis ainsi que le résumé de la conférence du Prof. Holt seront diffusés prochainement.

 

Ancient Guardian Statue Recovered at the Tonle Snguot Hospital site

« Ancient Guardian Statue Recovered at the Tonle Snguot Hospital site », 02/08/2017, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre

An ancient guardian statue was recovered at the Tonle Snguot hospital site north of Angkor Thom by the APSARA Authority and Singapore’s ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute’s Nalanda – Sriwijaya Centre (NSC) Archaeological Field School team. This is a unique find because the statue is almost complete. It is a late 12th century sandstone statue and measures approximately two meters in height. The statue belongs to the famed Bayon style. Bayon style is associated with King Jayavarman VII. It was recovered on the second day of research by the archaeology team (29 July 2017) after being identified by APSARA archaeologists working with the NSC Field School.

There are often two guardian statues (or carved images) depicted in front of ancient temples. Although Jayavarman VII was a Buddhist, the statues are usually associated with both ancient Buddhism and Brahmanism (Hindu) in Cambodian temples. The archaeology team was there to investigate ancient hospital activities, habitation and structures. There is often a temple that likely served for spiritual healing and praying area. The treatment area is possibly a separate location in the complex. Medical treatment is depicted on the stone carvings at the Bayon temple. Ancient inscriptions also describe the nurses, doctors, guards, cooks and other people.

The statue will be transported to the Preah Norodom Sihanouk Angkor Museum because of its importance. This was in collaboration with the APSARA Heritage Police and local community authorities.

Voir : https://www.facebook.com/notes/nalanda-sriwijaya-centre/ancient-guardian-statue-recovered-at-the-tonle-snguot-hospital-site/1487299751348403/

Intersections of the Literary & Artistic Worlds in Myanmar & the Region in the 20th Century

Intersections of the Literary & Artistic Worlds in Myanmar & the Region in the 20th Century, 17/11/2017, Singapore

This proposed one-day symposium corresponds to the last leg of the NTU-funded project on AungSoeillustrations.org, a database of illustrations by Myanmar’s trailblazer of modern art, Bagyi Aung Soe (1923–1990).

The examination of Aung Soe’s dated illustrations, which are the only means to tracing his artistic evolution between 1948 and 1990, led to the awareness of the crucial role played by illustration in the development, dissemination and documentation of 20th-century art in Myanmar. With neither governmental support nor a developed art market, illustration in printed matter was the artist’s mobile showcase and the platform for artistic experimentations. Whether in Mandalay or Yangon, artists both mainstream and avantgarde illustrated: book covers, magazine covers, album covers, posters, illustrations and vignettes inside publications, etc.

The rise of Aung Soe in the years following the country’s political independence is inextricably linked to the support of Myanmar’s foremost literary figures: Dagon Taya (1919–2013) who initiated him to Western modernism; Min Thu Wun (1909–2004) and Zawgyi (1908–1990) who nominated him for the Indian government scholarship to study art at Visva-Bharati University founded by Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) in Santiniketan,  India, thereby mandating him with the revival of traditional Burmese art. Indeed, as in many countries in the region, Burmese writers and poets were ahead of the artists in addressing the urgency and challenges of a localised artistic modernity. Today, artists, writers, poets, publishers and filmmakers continue to work closely together in Myanmar; the divide between the literary and artistic worlds is fallacious. Specialisation is not necessarily a condition of artistic excellence in this part of the world, for an artist writes as well as publishes, and a poet paints as well as edits: the worlds of artistic creation, literature and filmmaking are symbiotic.

This symposium seeks to:

  • investigate the hitherto overlooked medium and agency of illustration in the articulation of “art” in Myanmar and the region;
  • discern geneses of “art” in Myanmar and the region from the perspective of the literary world;
  • explore ways of thinking and writing about “art” beyond that yoked to the Euramerican experience and agenda;
  • reflect on common threads and divergences in the way(s) in which modern art emerged in tandem with developments in the literary world in Myanmar and the region.

Intersections of the Literary & Artistic Worlds in Myanmar & the Region in the 20th century welcomes papers engaging with any of these four above-listed tropes. Areas of interest include but are not restricted to:

  • Illustration as a site for articulating artistic modernities in Myanmar and the region
  • Illustration as a means of making sense of constructs and paradigms of “art” in Myanmar and the region
  • Illustration as image, body and medium in “art” in Myanmar and the region
  • Writings on art and their role(s) in shaping artistic practice, production and reception in Myanmar and the region
  • Literature and the writer in art; art and the artist in literature in Myanmar and the region
  • Narratives of collaboration, dialogue, debate or/and contention between writers, artists, poets, filmmakers, editors, publishers, critics, etc. in Myanmar and the region
  • Ecosystems of writers, artists, poets, filmmakers, editors, publishers, critics, etc. in Myanmar and the region

Voir : http://ntuprojects.com/portfolio/aung-soe/symposium/

The Karen in 2017: Resilience, Aspirations and Politics

The Karen in 2017: Resilience, Aspirations and Politics, 18/07/2017, Tea Circle Oxford

On Thursday, 15th June researchers and practitioners working with Karen communities within the context of the Myanmar’s ongoing democratic transition joined together for a special one-day workshop, ‘The Karen in 2017: Resilience, Aspirations and Politics’, convened by the Programme on Modern Burmese Studies (MBS) at St Antony’s College.

In a unique collaboration between research fellows and students from the University of Oxford and the Australian National University’s Myanmar Research Centre, the event brought together students, academics and commentators with development practitioners and activists working in a range of fields and interventions in Karen State, Karen refugee and diaspora communities.

As Dr Matthew Walton, MBS Director, made clear in his opening address, the workshop set out to take stock of the promise and pace of substantive change and progress for these communities since the signing of a ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Myanmar government in January 2012, and the long-awaited accession of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy government in March 2016.

Participants were specifically asked to reflect on the adaptive strategies, politics and aspirations of ordinary Karen people and ethnic leaders navigating Myanmar’s often uneven and uncertain transition to peace and democracy over recent years. The workshop was structured around four main themes and panels: (1) Aspirations, Education and Health; (2) Livelihoods and Social Protection; (3) Migration, Conflict and the Borderland; a plenary session considered (4) the Future of Karen in Myanmar/Burma and the Diaspora.

Voir : https://teacircleoxford.com/2017/07/18/the-karen-in-2017-resilience-aspirations-and-politics-part-1/

 

 

Tantrism and State Formation in Southeast Asia

Lecture: Tantrism and State Formation in Southeast Asia by Andrea Acri, 14/08/2017, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre

About the Lecture

The socio-religious phenomenon we now call “Tantrism” dominated the religious and ritual life in much of South and Southeast Asia from around 500 CE to 1500 CE and beyond. Yet, the impact of Śaiva and Buddhist Tantric traditions on the societies and cultures of Southeast Asia remains insufficiently studied and appreciated. The talk will explore the indissoluble link between the State and Tantric ideologies/ritual systems in Southeast Asia. It will first deal with state formation, evaluating the theories of “man of prowess” and “Śaiva bhakti” elaborated by historian Oliver Wolters, then turn to the role of Tantric magic and ritual in the medieval maṇḍala polities of Sumatra, Java, and Cambodia. Finally, it will offer some concluding reflections on the link between politics, power, and the “supernatural” in modern Southeast Asia.

About the Speaker

Andrea Acri was trained at Leiden University (PhD 2011, MA 2006) and at the University of Rome ‘La Sapienza’ (Laurea degree, 2005). He is Maître de conférences in Tantric Studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris, France. Prior to joining EPHE in late 2016 he has held research and teaching positions at Nalanda University (India), the Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre, ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute, the Asia Research Institute (NUS), and other institutions in the Netherlands, Australia, and the UK. His main research and teaching interests are Śaiva and Buddhist Tantric traditions, Hinduism and Indian Philosophy, Yoga traditions, Sanskrit and Old Javanese philology, and the comparative religious and intellectual history of South and Southeast Asia from the premodern to the contemporary period. His publications include the monograph Dharma Pātañjala: A Śaiva Scripture from Ancient Java Studied in the Light of Related Old Javanese and Sanskrit Texts (Egbert Forsten/Brill 2011; 2nd edition Aditya Prakashan 2017), the edited volumes Spirits and Ships: Cultural Transfers in Early Monsoon Asia (ISEAS Publishing 2017, with A. Landmann and R. Blench), Esoteric Buddhism in Mediaeval Maritime Asia (ISEAS Publishing 2016), From Laṅkā Eastwards: The Rāmāyaṇa in the Literature and Visual Arts of Indonesia (2011, KITLV Press, with H. Creese and A. Griffiths).

Voir : https://www.iseas.edu.sg/events/upcoming-events/item/5838-lecture-tantrism-and-state-formation-in-southeast-asia

Writing regional and national histories of Southeast Asia

« Writing regional and national histories of Southeast Asia : potentialities and problems » by Barbara Watson Andaya and Leonard Y. Andaya, 16/08/2017, University of Sydney

One of the themes in Southeast Asian Studies concerns trends in historiography and the issues these raise for specialists. Whether we are concerned with regional or more specific national, communal or thematic histories, four questions continue to dominate this discussion:

  • How should boundaries of a study be defined and where should they be set?
  • What should be the basis for determining periodization in a non-Western area?
  • What types of sources are available, both literate and non-literate, and how should they be interpreted?
  • To what extent do the themes that may emerge from the sources distinguish a region or a national culture?

With the expanding field of world history, these questions are particularly relevant for those historians who would like to see Southeast Asia better integrated into global studies.

In this joint seminar, Leonard and Barbara Andaya will discuss the ways in which they have responded to these questions in the writing of A history of ‘early modern’ Southeast Asia (Cambridge, 2015) and in their third revised edition of A history of Malaysia (PalgraveMacmillan, 2016).

Voir : http://sydney.edu.au/sydney-southeast-asia-centre/events/Writing-regional-and-national-histories-of-Southeast-Asia.html

Space, Social Conflict, and the Future of Urban Society: a comparative view

Space, Social Conflict, and the Future of Urban Society: a comparative view

Professor Michael Herzfeld, Ernest E. Monrad Professor of the Social Sciences, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University

Co-presented with the Sydney Southeast Asia Centre, the China Studies Centre, the Department of Anthropology, and the School of Architecture, Design and Planning

For many years now, anthropologists and urban scholars alike have identified ‘gentrification’ as a process of class conflict in which poorer people get pushed to the margins of urban life in the name of ‘urban renewal.’

Professor Michael Herzfeld will argue that gentrification is the tip of a much larger iceberg, called ‘development’ – a grandiloquent idea that is often coupled with socially and culturally destructive policies and that easily promotes insidious (because unstated) forms of social Darwinism (‘the survival of the fittest’) and paternalism.

Using examples from Thailand, China, Greece, and Italy, he will argue that these short-sighted policies are creating an increasingly disenfranchised and resentful under-class. While reactions in these and other countries will vary with cultural conventions, economic dynamics, and the extent to which development evades socially responsible control, the impact on ordinary people is likely to be devastating, while it will also entail the obliteration of socially viable arrangements that have worked well for centuries or even millennia.

Michael suggests that currently emergent forms of urban protest may not be sufficient to stem the tide, but that more concerted engagement by academics and professionals could and must make a significant difference. He will also briefly address some relatively unusual situations where gentrification has had benign effects and will propose that these could provide models for socially responsible planning in the future.

Professor Michael Herzfeld is Ernest E. Monrad Professor of the Social Sciences in the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University, where has taught since 1991, and where he serves as Director of the Asia Center’s Thai Studies Program. He is also IIAS Visiting Professor of Critical Heritage Studies at the University of Leiden (and Senior Advisor to the Critical Heritage Studies Initiative of the International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden); Professorial Fellow at the University of Melbourne; and Visiting Professor and Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Scholar at Shanghai International Studies University (2015-17). The author of eleven books – including Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-State (1997; 3rd edition, 2016), The Body Impolitic: Artisans and Artifice in the Global Hierarchy of Value (2004), Evicted from Eternity: The Restructuring of Modern Rome (2009), and Siege of the Spirits: Community and Polity in Bangkok (2016) – and numerous articles and reviews, he has also produced two ethnographic films (Monti Moments [2007] and Roman Restaurant Rhythms [2011]). He has served as editor of American Ethnologist (1995-98) and is currently editor-at-large (responsible for “Polyglot Perspectives”) at Anthropological Quarterly. He is also a member of the editorial boards of several journals, including American Ethnologist, Anthropology Today, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Journal of Anthropological Research, and South East Asia Research. An advocate for “engaged anthropology,” he has conducted research in Greece, Italy, and Thailand on, inter alia, the social and political impact of historic conservation and gentrification, the social effects of urban policy, the discourses and practices of crypto-colonialism, social poetics, the dynamics of nationalism and bureaucracy, and the ethnography of knowledge among artisans and intellectuals.

Voir : http://sydney.edu.au/sydney_ideas/lectures/2017/professor_michael_herzfeld.shtml

[Talk] Photography and Cold War in Southeast Asia

This is a preliminary presentation, a kind of show-and-tell, based on writer, curator and artist Zhuang Wubin’s recent book, Photography in Southeast Asia: A Survey (NUS Press, 2016). Zhuang’s primary intention is to share with the audience some of the materials that he has accumulated during his decade-long fieldwork relating, directly or indirectly, to the different facets of photographic production during the Cold War period. The aim is to unpack the varying ways in which photography was being mobilised, subject to personal and institutional desires.

This talk is organised in conjunction with the exhibitions “Who wants to remember a war?” and LINES: War Drawings and Posters from the Ambassador Dato’ N. Parameswaran Collection, which features posters, woodcuts and drawings from the French phase of the Indochina war of resistance against the Americans, and drawings and sketches of life and people at the frontlines.

About the speaker
As a writer/curator, Zhuang Wubin focuses on the photographic practices in Southeast Asia. A 2010 recipient of the research grant from Prince Claus Fund (Amsterdam), Zhuang is an editorial board member of Trans-Asia Photography Review, a journal published by the Hampshire College and the University of Michigan Scholarly Publication Office. He has been invited to research residency programmes at Asia Art Archive, Hong Kong (2015) and Institute Technology of Bandung (2013). He is the contributing curator of the biennial Chiang Mai Photo Festival (2015, 2017). Published by NUS Press, Photography in Southeast Asia: A Survey (2016) is his fourth book.

As an artist, Zhuang uses photography and text to visualise the Sinophone communities in Southeast Asia.

Bornéo : dernière terra incognita ?

Colloque international : Bornéo : dernière terra incognita ? 08/09/2017, salle de cinéma, Musée du Quai Branly

Organisée avec le MUSEC (Museo delle Culture de Lugano), cette journée d’étude s’articule autour de sept interventions qui visent à présenter au public une connaissance de Bornéo, par l’analyse de dynamiques qui sont au centre de l’évolution et de la                                    « réappropriation » de son identité.

L’île de Bornéo a de tout temps été un carrefour humain dynamique malgré l’apparent isolement de ses cultures.  Sa taille et sa situation géographique furent stratégiques pour le processus de peuplement pré-austronésien, austronésien et moderne. On retrouve sur ce vaste territoire forestier tout d’abord des traces de civilisations indienne, chinoise, puis malaise, mêlées à l’expansion austronésienne.

Après l’arrivée des Européens au 18e siècle, s’ensuit une longue tradition d’explorateurs et de collecte d’objets appartenant aux “dayak” – les “habitants de l’intérieur” – dont la présence dans les collections occidentales remonte pour certains au 18e siècle.  Avec les artistes d’avant-garde et l’intérêt porté aux arts dits “primitifs” au 20e siècle, des collections privées se constituent. Les grandes capitales européennes comme Amsterdam, Paris ou Berlin favorisent alors la naissance d’un vaste marché international.

Au cours du 20e siècle, l’île, intégrée politiquement au sein des états malais et indonésien, est marginalisée à l’intérieur de ses frontières. De carrefour des cultures, Bornéo devient une région périphérique d’un monde globalisé. De nos jours, cette marginalisation tend à devenir un atout, car elle peut permettre aux habitants de valoriser une identité forte grâce à la réappropriation de ses spécificités culturelles et historiques.

 Programme : http://www.quaibranly.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/2-Evenements/manifestations-scientifiques/2017-manifestations-scientifiques/Borneo/ANL_BORNEO._La_derniere_terra_incognita-programme.pdf