Tous les articles par Hélène et Sophie

New Papua Atlas tracks impact of plantations, roads on forests

Interactive map provides tools for corporate accountability and local land-use planning

« New Papua Atlas tracks impact of plantations, roads on forests » by Barbara Fraser, 05/10/2018, Forests News

Indonesia – Thanks to its remote location and sparse population, Indonesian Papua, on the western side of the island of New Guinea, harbors one of the Pacific’s last remaining expanses of pristine tropical forest. But recent spikes in deforestation rates, accompanied by the expansion of industrial oil palm plantations, are signs that rapid change is on the horizon.

Scientists hope a new interactive atlas that tracks deforestation annually will enable local governments to plan for the change and avert widespread destruction of the forests on which indigenous people depend for food and livelihoods.

“The Papua Atlas will show where forest is being cleared on the island and who is responsible for the deforestation,” said David Gaveau, a research associate with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), who will demonstrate a prototype of the atlas at the International Conference on Biodiversity, Ecotourism and Creative Economy (ICBE) in Manokwari, Papua, on Oct. 7 to 11.

The platform, due to launch in mid-2019, will track deforestation on a monthly basis over the long-term.

Local government officials in charge of spatial planning welcome the development of the atlas, which they can use to help plan land use as the local population grows and demand for roads and other services increases in tandem. For example, the annual data provided by the atlas will provide insight into the dynamics of forest loss and the expansion of industrial oil palm concessions, and roads into forested areas.

Old-growth forest in Indonesian Papua shrank by 2 percent, a loss of 600,000 hectares, between 2000 and 2017 (Fig. 1).

Annual forest loss in Indonesian Papua has accelerated gradually since 2000, reaching a peak in both provinces in 2015 and 2016, with 98,000 hectares and 85,000 hectares lost, respectively, before dropping markedly in 2017 (Fig. 1b & c).

Meanwhile, industrial plantations, mainly for oil palm, have nearly quadrupled since 2000, with the largest expansion in Papua province. Gaveau’s studies indicate that about 30 percent of all forest loss since 2000 has been due to clearing for industrial plantations.

“The island of New Guinea is perhaps the last large equatorial island that is still pristine,” Gaveau says. “It is still 90 percent natural forest, and it is sparsely populated.”

Because of its distance from key trading routes, Pacific ports and cities, it is expensive to install industrial facilities, such as palm oil refineries in Indonesian Papua. But the island is not immune to the spread of the palm oil industry, which has expanded throughout other islands, such as Borneo.

“As prime land becomes scarce on other islands, companies are turning their eyes to Papua,” Gaveau says.

That’s where the Papua Atlas comes in.

The interactive map is similar to the Atlas of Deforestation and Industrial Plantations in Borneo, also known as the Borneo Atlas, which Gaveau, a landscape ecologist, and Mohammad Agus Salim a Geographic Information Systems expert with CIFOR,developed to monitor deforestation on that island. The Borneo Atlas allows users to verify the location and ownership of more than 460 palm-oil mills on Borneo and monitor deforestation in the surrounding area.

Data about ownership show which companies linked to plantations are encroaching on forests and peat lands.

“The principle of the Papua Atlas is the same,” Gaveau says. “The overarching idea is to hold companies accountable for the deforestation they might have caused, whether or not it is done legally. The idea is that the Indonesian local and national governments can check those deforestation footprints in concessions to review the permits.”

For more information, contact David Gaveau: D.Gaveau@cgiar.org and Mohammad Agus Salim: moh.agus.salim@gmail.com


Philippines beyond cliches

Podcast #1 : Philippines beyond cliches : « Catholic country », 02/07/2018

Catholic. Run by dynasties. Crime-ridden. Enamoured of America. Obsessed with beauty. These are a few of the stereotypes that colour international perceptions of Southeast Asia’s fastest growing economy—and that New Mandala readers will hear dismantled in a series of podcasts on the theme of “The Philippines Beyond the Clichés” hosted by our Philippines editor Dr Nicole Curato.

In the first of five interviews with researchers, Nicole gets Associate Professor Jayeel S. Cornelio (Twitter: @jayeel_cornelio) to unpack the statement that “The Philippines is a Catholic country.” A sociologist by training, Jayeel is one of the leading scholars of contemporary religious life in the Philippines, and heads the Development Program at Ateneo de Manila University. His latest book is Being Catholic in the Philippines: Young People Interpreting Religion (Routledge 2016).

A écouter sur : http://www.newmandala.org/philippines-beyond-chliches-catholic-country/

Screening East-Timorese Women and History in Timor-Leste’s Beatriz’War

« Screening East-Timorese Women and History in Timor-Leste’s Beatriz’War » by Vannessa Hearman in Gender and History, vol. 30, n° 2, April 2018

Timor-Leste’s first feature film, A Guerra da Beatriz (Beatriz’s War) depicts the lives of a group of girls and women, survivors of a village massacre, during the Indonesian occupation of what was then known as East Timor. Beatriz’s War, a political melodrama, focuses on women’s resistance to Indonesian rule. The film recasts the meanings of resistance, examining how it occurs at an everyday level and how such quotidian acts of resistance have been rendered invisible over the course of a long struggle for self-determination by categories such as hero, traitor and victim. The film also plays an important role in contributing to a visual history of the new nation of Timor Leste.

L’article de Vannessa Hearman est en accès limité sur  Wiley Online Library: https://preview.tinyurl.com/y9ocvfxg

Sojourn, vol. 33, n° 2, 2018

Sojourn, vol. 33, n° 2, July 2018

Table of Contents

Introductory Essay

  • Plural Ecologies in Southeast Asia by Guido Sprenger, Kristina Grossmann

Articles

  • Buddhism and Coffee: The Transformation of Locality and Non-Human Personhood in Southern Laos by Guido Sprenger
  • Market Shrines and Urban Renewal in Hanoi by Gertrud Hüwelmeier
  • Conflicting Ecologies in a “Failed” Gaharu Nursery Programme in Central Kalimantan by Kristina Grossmann
  • Claiming Rights to the Forest in East Kalimantan: Challenging Power and Presenting Culture by Michaela Haug
  • Diverging Ecologies on Bali by Birgit Bräuchler

Sojourn Symposium

  • On « Mapping Chinese Rangoon: Place and Nation among the Sino-Burmese » by Jayde Lin Roberts, by Hui Yew-Fong, Wen-Chin Chang, Jayde Lin Roberts

Book Reviews

Voir : https://bookshop.iseas.edu.sg/publication/2333

Asian Studies Review, vol. 42, n° 3, 2018

Asian Studies Review, vol. 42, n° 3, 2018

Table of Contents

Articles

  • Survive and Thrive: Field Research in Authoritarian Southeast Asia by Lee Morgenbesser and Meredith L. Weiss
  • The Interactional Nature of Emotion Work in Thai Marriages: Anger, Romance and Guilt by Natcharee Suwannapat
  • Lost Palaces, Lost History: The Wang of Bangkok’s Rattanakosin by Ross King
  • The Legacy of the Vietnam War: Making a Living amid Unexploded Ordnance in Xieng Khouang Province, Northern Laos by Kiengkay Ounmany and Edo Andriesse
  • Decentralised Institutions and Electoral Authoritarianism: The Case of Town Councils in Singapore by Hoi-Yu Ng
  • Explaining the 2016 Islamist Mobilisation in Indonesia: Religious Intolerance, Militant Groups and the Politics of Accommodation by Marcus Mietzner and Burhanuddin Muhtadi

Book Reviews

Voir : https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/casr20/42/3?nav=tocList

Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land en Volkenkunde, vol. 174, n° 2-3, 2018

Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land en Volkenkunde, vol. 174, n° 2-3, 2018

Table of Contents

Research Articles

  • Entrepreneurs of Grievance : Drivers and Effects of Indonesia’s Islamist Mobilization by Marcus Mietzner, Burhanuddin Muhtadi and Rizka Halida
  • Then and Now : Campaigns to Achieve Rice Self-Sufficiency in Indonesia by Jamie S. Davidson
  • The Trials of Rābiʿa al-ʿAdawīyya in the Malay World :The Female Sufi in the Hikayat Rabiʿah by Mulaika Hijjas
  • Back to Sendangsono : A Marian Pilgrimage Site as a Lens on Central Javanese Cultural Values by Herman L. Beck
  • Reclaiming the Eclipsed Female in the Sacred : Semai Women’s Religious Knowledge and Its Connection to Their Rights to the Land, in Malaysia by Shanthi Thambiah, Tijah Yok Chopil and Rosalind Leong Yoke Lian

Book Reviews

Voir : http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/22134379/174/2-3

 

 

Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, vol. 49, n° 2, 2018

Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, vol. 49, n° 2, June 2018

Table of contents

Editorial Foreword by Maitrii Aung-Thwin

Research Articles

  • Living with the dead in the killing fields of Cambodia by Caroline Bennett
  • Memories of collective victimhood and conflict in southern Thailand by Muhammad Arafat Bin Mohamad
  • From Fretilin to freedom: The evolution of the symbolism of Timor-Leste’s national flag by Catherine Arthur
  • Pamitinan and Tapusi: Using the Carpio legend to reconstruct lower-class consciousness in the late Spanish Philippines by Joseph Scallice
  • Mapping ‘the whirligig of amusements’ in colonial Southeast Asia by Nadi Tofighian
  • Still an ethnic enterprise after a generational change? Indian-owned SMEs in Malaysia by Jesrina Ann Xavier and Edmund Terence Gomez

Book Reviews

Voir : https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-southeast-asian-studies/issue/3DB3376CDCC547768073E8696038F190

South East Asia Research, vol. 26, n° 2, 2018

South East Asia Research, vol. 26, n° 2, June 2018

Table of content

Articles

  • Pathways to prison in Cambodia for homicide offending : Exploring women’s life history narratives by Samantha Jeffries, Chontit Chuenurah
  • Imperial ambiguities :The United States and Philippine Muslims by Mesrob Vartavarian
  • Indonesian presidents and communal violence against non-mainstream faiths by A’an Suryana
  • Atheism in Indonesia : State discourses of the past and social practices of the present by Timo Duile
  • Mnemonic hegemony, spatial hierarchy and Thailand’s official commemoration of the Second World War by Gregory V. Raymond
  • From a pile of stones to a national symbol : Preah Vihear Temple and Norodom Sihanouk’s politics of postcolonial nation-building by Kimly Ngoun

Book Review

  • Sher Banu Al Khan, Sovereign Women in a Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs of Aceh, 1641–1699 by Mulaika Hijjas

Voir : http://journals.sagepub.com/toc/sera/26/2

International Journal of Asian Christianity, vol. 1, n° 1 (2018)

International Journal of Asian Christianity, vol. 1, n° 1 (2018)

Editorial by Felix Wilfred

Articles sur l’ASE

  • The Apostolic Vicariate of Western Siam and the Rise of Catholicism in Malaysia and Singapore by Shanthini Pillai and Bernardo E. Brown
  • The Case of a Christian Governor in Jakarta as a Sign of Times for Catholics (and Christians) in Indonesia by Andang L. Binawan
  • On the Anthropology and Theology of Roman Catholic Rituals in the Philippines by Julius Bautista

CR d’ouvrages sur l’ASE

  • K. Koschorke, A. Hermann, E. Ph. Mogase and C. Burlacioiu (eds), Discourses of Indigenous Christian Elites in Colonial Societies in Asia and Africa around 1900—A Documentary Sourcebook from Selected Journals by Georg Evers
  • Volker Küster, Zwischen Pancasila und Fundamentalismus—Christliche Kunst in Indonesien [Between Pancasila and Fundamentalism. Christian Art in Indonesia] (Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2016) by Gudrun Löwner

Voir : http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/25424246-00101001

 

 

 

 

Indonesia’s troubled minorities

Indonesia’s troubled minorities by Greg Fealy, 13/09/2018, The Sydney Morning Herald

Meiliana, a 44-year-old Buddhist mother of Chinese descent, sat crying in disbelief in a North Sumatra court in late August. The judges had just sentenced her to 18 months’ jail for blasphemy because she complained to a neighbor in 2016 about the ear-splitting volume of amplified calls to prayer from a nearby mosque. Her complaint had sparked violent backlash from local Muslim groups, who had stoned her home, forcing her and her family to flee to another city. They also attacked and seriously damaged twelve Buddhist temples in the area. The same court that sentenced her showed leniency to eight attackers arrested by police, giving them jail terms of just 1-2 months.

Meiliana’s story shone a spotlight on Indonesia’s draconian blasphemy laws and more broadly on how the nation treats its minorities. For a country that presents itself to the world as a moderate Muslim-majority democracy that respects diversity and enjoins religious and ethnic harmony, Indonesia has faced increasing criticism for rising intolerance and sectarianism. Human rights advocates argued that the violent reaction to Meiliana’s mosque complaint and her subsequent jailing are inseparable from the fact that she is from a double minority: Sino-Indonesians comprise less than 4 per cent of the nation and Buddhists less than 2 per cent. The Chinese have long been targets of social unrest, particularly from the majority Muslim community.

Assessing how moderate or intolerant Indonesia is towards its minorities is more difficult to assess than it might first appear. For example, a number of well-regarded non-government organisations annually compile figures on acts of religious intolerance. One such NGO, Setara Institute, recorded 201 breaches of religious freedom across Indonesia in 2017, most of which were directed at Christian, Buddhist, Hindu and Confucian minorities. Viewed in isolation, this is a significant number.

But on the other hand, in a religiously diverse nation of some 250 million people, several hundred cases might suggest that intolerance is relatively rare.

Lire la suite sur : https://www.smh.com.au/national/indonesia-s-troubled-minorities-20180913-p503i6.html

 

TRANS, vol. 6, n° 2 (2018)

TRaNS : Trans-Regional and -National Studies of Southeast Asia, vol. 6, n° 2 , July 2018

Table of contents

Articles

  • An Anthropological Approach to the Islamic Turn in Indonesia’s Regional Politics by Julian Millie
  • Facts and Fiction: The Myth of Suvaṇṇabhūmi Through the Thai and Burmese Looking Glass by Nicolas Revire
  • The Prayuth Regime: Embedded Military and Hierarchical Capitalism in Thailand by Prajak Kongkirati, Veerayooth Kanchoochat
  • Thailand Trapped: Catch-up Legacies and Contemporary Malaise by Veerayooth Kanchoochat
  • Political Turbulence and Stalemate in Contemporary Malaysia: Oligarchic Reconstitutions and Insecurities by Boo Teik Khoo
  • The Place of Nusantara in the Sanskritic Buddhist Cosmopolis by Andrea Acri

Voir : https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/trans-trans-regional-and-national-studies-of-southeast-asia

 

 

Talking Indonesia: the road to 2019

Talking Indonesia: the road to 2019 by Marcus Mietzner, 30/08/2018, Indonesia at Melbourne

In early August, Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and Prabowo Subianto registered as the only candidates for Indonesia’s 2019 Presidential Election, repeating their head-to-head showdown from 2014.

Much has changed in Indonesia’s political landscape over the past five years. For one, both men have new running mates. Jokowi is no longer a new entrant to national politics – he will enter 2019 with a five-year track record to defend, focused on infrastructure and social spending. The massive Islamist mobilisation in 2016 against then Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama also continues to reverberate through the political system. Further, 2019 will be the first time that the legislative and presidential elections will be held on the same day – 17 April – owing to a Constitutional Court decision ordering that these elections no longer be held several months apart.

In this week’s Talking Indonesia podcast, Dr Dave McRae discusses the electoral landscape nine months out from next year’s polls with leading political observer Associate Professor Marcus Mietzner from the Australian National University’s Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs. Marcus is currently a visiting fellow at Kyoto University.

In 2018, the Talking Indonesia podcast is co-hosted by Dr Dave McRae from the University of Melbourne’s Asia Institute, Dr Jemma Purdey from Monash University, Dr Charlotte Setijadi from the Singapore Management University and Dr Dirk Tomsa from La Trobe University.

A écouter sur : http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/talking-indonesia-the-road-to-2019/

Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, vol. 11, n° 1

Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, vol. 11, n° 1
The Political Economy of New Authoritarianism

Guest Editors: Wolfram Schaffar, Rainer Einzenberger, Carl Middleton, Naruemon Thabchumpon

Table of contents

Current research on South-East Asia

  • Frontier Capitalism and Politics of Dispossession in Myanmar: The Case of the Mwetaung (Gullu Mual) Nickel Mine in Chin State by Rainer Einzenberger
  • The Iron Silk Road and the Iron Fist: Making Sense of the Military Coup D’État in Thailand by Wolfram Schaffar
  • The Institutions of Authoritarian Neoliberalism in Malaysia: A Critical Review of the Development Agendas Under the Regimes of Mahathir, Abdullah, and Najib by Bonn Juego
  • National Human Rights Institutions, Extraterritorial Obligations and Hydropower in Southeast Asia: Implications of the Region’s Authoritarian Turn by Carl Middleton
  • Thai Doctoral Students’ Layers of Identity Options Through Social Acculturation in Australia by Singhanat Nomnian
  • Typhoons, Climate Change, and Climate Injustice in the Philippines by William N. Holden

Research Workshop

  • The Social Base of New Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Class Struggle and the Imperial Mode of Living by Wolfram Schaffar

In Dialogue

  • “Trust Me, I am the One Who Will Drain the Swamp”: An Interview With Walden Bello on Fascism in the Global South by Wolfram Schaffar 

Book Reviews

  • Robinson, B. G. (2018), The Killing Season. A History of the Indonesian Massacres, 1965-66, by Timo Duile

Voir : https://aseas.univie.ac.at/index.php/aseas/issue/view/191/showToc

The Cell, Exile, and the New Burma: A Political Education amid the Unfinished Journey toward Democracy

« The Cell, Exile, and the New Burma: A Political Education amid the Unfinished Journey toward Democracy » by Kyaw Zwa Moe, Yangon, New Myanmar Publishing House, 2018, 245 p., 27/08/2018, Tea Circle Oxford

David Scott Mathieson explores the new collection of essays by noted journalist Kyaw Zwa Moe, an emotional palimpsest of lives lived under military rule.

There is a painful poignancy to reading Kyaw Zwa Moe’s powerful collection of essays on the 30th Anniversary of the 1988 Uprising in Burma. The Cell, Exile, and the New Burma is an attempt to close a long circle of personal struggle, sacrifice, violence, complexity and inspiration. Yet it is a journey that refuses to reconnect, as if the hopes of 1988 ricocheted off the reality of entrenched military rule.

The Irrawaddy magazine’s editor, columnist and political talk-show host, Kyaw Zwa Moe is one of the most prominent chroniclers of the past three decades of Burma’s political drama. His new book is a timely reminder of recent history and the people who lived it, the lessons imparted should be guides for the present and future. How far along has Burma come, where are many of the people who were involved, and how do they feel about ‘Shwe Myanmar a-thit’ (the new golden Burma)?

His book is arranged in four parts: prison, exile, a series of eclectic personalized profiles of Burmese activists, leaders, and ordinary lives during dictatorship, and the final section on the ‘New Burma’ as the author returns from 12 years of exile in Thailand and reflects on the changes taking place.

Kyaw Zwa Moe was a teenage high-school student when the 1988 anti-government demonstrations surged in 1988 to topple the Socialist one-party rule backed by a ruthless military. He joined them and took to the underground life of activism. First arrested in December 1991 for his underground activities, he spent the next eight years in the notorious Insein and Tharrawaddy prisons.

Lire la suite sur : https://teacircleoxford.com/2018/08/27/the-cell-exile-and-the-new-burma-a-political-education-amid-the-unfinished-journey-toward-democracy-by-kyaw-zwa-moe-yangon-new-myanmar-publishing-house-2018-245-pages/

 

 

CFP : Criminalising and emancipatory trends in family law in Indonesia and other muslim majority countries

CFP : Criminalising and emancipatory trends in family law in Indonesia and other muslim majority countries, 15-16 November 2018, KITLV, Leiden

Organised by the Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI) / Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV) / Leiden University Centre for Islamic Studies (LUCIS)

Subject matter
Looking at legal developments related to family law[1] in Indonesia and other Muslim majority countries, we see two simultaneous trends developing. On the one hand there is an increasing tendency on the part of many states to criminalise sexual behaviour considered in contravention of Islamic law, such as pre- and extramarital sex and LBGT-relations. This development seems a response to the ‘moral panic’ concerning the supposedly increasing debauchery of modern times and sexual behaviour of youth in particular. Technological developments such as the spread of Facebook, Instagram, Whatsapp and smartphones have reinforced the sense of a lack of control people experience over the behaviour of their children, other family members – and perhaps themselves. The call for state action to do something about this has led to new legislation regulating morals. While such legislation may be symbolic in appearance and patchy in its enforcement, its consequences may still be far-reaching.

At the same time state-sponsored forms of Islamic family law that promote emancipation of women and children have steadily continued to gain ground in many of these countries, not only at the level of legislation and judicial rulings but also in social practices. The most prominent examples are the equality of women in matters of divorce and inheritance, but in a country such as Indonesia we also see increasing recognition of the position of children born outside marriage.

An issue at the crossroads between criminalisation and emancipation concerns early marriage. With any marriage under the age of 18 defined as child marriage by international human rights law, states have to manoeuver between criminalisation of those involved in such relations and the protection against unwanted consequences – which is more difficult if they go underground. An extra complication is that in this process the agency of those involved gets out of sight easily, as particularly in Muslim societies teenagers will only be allowed to have sexual relations in the context of marriage. In that sense, raising the age of marriage may actually decrease their agency.

The role of international human rights law extends beyond the issue of early marriage. When it concerns criminalising behaviour, human rights law often opposes such legislation. This applies in particular to LGBT-issues. UN human rights commission reports address this issue, forcing states to justify their behaviour. By contrast, the efforts at promoting equality of women and men in Muslim family law are in line with CEDAW and draw upon such ideas. However, states are careful not to draw exclusively upon this framework, as this may further antagonise conservative religious forces opposing such trends.

We are inviting paper proposals that examine these trends and address the following questions:

  • To what extent are these two trends to be seen in Indonesia and other Muslim majority countries? What forms do they take? What differences do we see?
  • How can we explain these developments? To what extent are they local or domestic in nature and what is the role of transnational discourses?
  • What is the role of international human rights law in these processes? How do discourses drawing upon this source of legitimation relate to discourses referring to Islam?

Format
A two-day seminar with paper presentations. We intend to publish a selection of papers in a special issue of a journal or an edited volume.

Paper proposals should be submitted with titles and abstracts (with a 400 word maximum) to Mies Grijns (ln.vinunediel.wal@snjirg.m)  and Adriaan Bedner (ln.vinunediel.wal@rendeb.w.a) before 28 September 2018. We will send notifications of acceptance by 5 October 2018.

[1] We interpret ‘family law’ broadly, as the normative frameworks regulating kinship and intimate relations between human beings.

Voir : http://www.kitlv.nl/event/call-papers-criminalising-emancipatory-trends-family-law-indonesia-muslim-majority-countries/