Pinle (Maingmaw): Research at an Ancient Pyu City, Myanmar

Archeology Report Series : Pinle (Maingmaw): Research at an  Ancient Pyu City, Myanmar by Myo Nyunt and  Kyaw Myo Win, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre, ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute

The walled Pinle (Maingmaw) occupies a special place in the early urbanisation of Myanmar with this collaborative publication being the first solely focused on the site. It follows the NSC Archaeology Unit Report on Beikthano (Thein Lwin 2016). The present publication is an edited translation of two excavation reports of Pinle with editors’ comments adding background to the documentation of the unearthing of a brick structure and gate as well as exploration of potential sites in the surrounding region. Pinle was one of the network of independent Pyu polities in the first millennium CE, larger than Halin, one of the Pyu Ancient Cities. The importance of the Pinle region continued through the 9th to 13th centuries CE Bagan period. A significant multi-lingual inscription of the late 11th century was unearthed in Myittha, 14 km to the north and a contemporaneous walled rice fort is located south of Pinle. These details underline the fertility and strategic location of Pinle, vital in understanding the prosperity of Pyu cities of the first millennium CE and the formation of the first Myanmar state at Bagan.

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