Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, n° 24 : Twenty Years after Suharto

Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, n° 24 : Twenty Years after Suharto

Table of contents

  • The New Normal: Indonesian Democracy Twenty Years after Suharto by Paige Johnson Tan
  • From Autocracy to Coalitional Presidentialism: The Post-Authoritarian Transformation of Indonesia’s Presidency by Marcus Mietzner
  • Quo Vadis Civil Islam? Explaining Rising Islamism in Post-Reformasi Indonesia by Alexander R. Arifianto
  • Twenty Years After Suharto: Dynastic Politics and Signs of Subnational Authoritarianism by Yoes C. Kenawas
  • The Trajectories of Transitional Justice and Its Discontents in Indonesia by Ehito Kimura

A lire sur : https://kyotoreview.org/

Kyoto review of Southeast Asia, n° 23 : Islamism in Southeast Asia

Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, n° 23 : Islamism in Southeast Asia

Table of contents

  • Islamism in Southeast Asia by Joseph Chinyong Liow
  • Modalities of Salafi Transnationalism in Southeast Asia by Zoltan Pall
  • Indonesia’s Islamist Mobilization by Sumanto Al Qurtuby
  • Constitutionalizing and Politicizing Religion in Contemporary Malaysia by Yvonne Tew
  • Moderate-radical Coalition in the Name of Islam: Conservative Islamism in Indonesia and Malaysia by Kikue Hamayotsu
  • Islamic Authority and the State in Brunei Darussalam by Dominik M. Müller

A lire sur : https://kyotoreview.org/issue-23/islamism-in-southeast-asia/

Symposium : Panji stories in manuscripts and performance

Symposium : Panji stories in manuscripts and performance, 21/09/2018, Leiden University Library

The Prince of Jenggala and the many faces of Panji

Panji stories are among the most popular works of Indonesian literature, art and theatre. To celebrate the recent Unesco-recognition of this important genre, the Leiden University Library and KITLV will hold a one-day symposium in Leiden on 21 September 2018 exploring Panji stories in manuscripts, paintings and dramatic performance. Through scholarly as well as artistic presentations, this broad-scope symposium will emphasize the many different ways in which these ancient stories were and still are passed on. It showcases the genre in all its diversity, including versions from different Indonesian and Mainland Southeast Asian regions, written or chanted texts, paintings and scrolls, and dramatic performances with masks or puppets. We close the day with a Javanese wayang-play presenting an exciting new interpretation of the Panji theme.

Wayang performance

The Javanese puppeteer Agus Bimo Prayitno and his musicians will finish the day with a unique and innovative shadow puppet theatre (wayang kulit) performance on Prince Panji. In this performance Panji features as a metaphor for Javanese farmers. They are encouraged to ensure the availability of water for their plots and households by taking care of their natural environment. The performance will take place in the Lipsius building, room 0.19, 15.30-16.30 hrs.

Programme

Leiden University Library, Vossius Room

9.30 -10.00 hrs
Arrival, coffee & tea

10.00 – 10.10 hrs
Word of welcome by Marije Plomp and Doris Jedamski (Asian Library)

10.10 – 10.30 hrs
Roger Tol and Wardiman Djojonegoro (under reserve), Background of the UNESCO recognition of Panji manuscripts.

10.30 – 11.00 hrs
Gijs Koster, Between Love and Domination: the Malay Hikayat Kuda Semirang Sira Panji Pandai Rupa.

11.00 – 11.30 hrs
Lydia Kieven, A comparative study of illustrations of Jayakusuma manuscripts in Jakarta, British Library, and Staatsbibliothek Berlin.

11.30 – 12.00 hrs
Peter Worsley, The rhetoric of paintings: the Balinese Malat and the prospect of a history of Balinese ideas, imaginings and emotions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Leiden University Library, Heinsius room

12.00 – 14.00 hrs
Exhibition of Panji manuscripts, photographs and paintings from Leiden University Library/KITLV collections

12.00 – 12.15 and 12.30 – 12.45 hrs
Hedi Hinzler, Balinese wayang paintings on cloth and their stories.

13.00 – 14.00 hrs lunch break

14.00 – 14.30 hrs
Tea Skrinjaric, Unrolling the Story: Wayang Beber on Java

14.30 – 15.00 hrs
Clara Brakel and Silvy Puntowati, Panji stories as masked performances in Central Java. With a demonstration of Panji masks by dance group Kuwung-kuwung

15.00 – 15.30 hrs tea break

Lipsius building, room 0.19

15.30 – 16.30 hrs
Performance of Wayang Jantur (innovative Indonesian shadow puppet theatre based on Panji stories) Dhalang Agus Bimo Prayitno and musicians, with an introduction by Lydia Kieven.

Registration

We hope to welcome you at the symposium and/or wayang performance on 21 September. Please let us know if you’re joining us by sending us an email: aanmelding@library.leidenuniv.nl (subject: Symposium Panji stories and number of attendees) or by phone: 071-527 28 32. If you just want to attend the wayang performance in the Lipsius building, no registration is needed.

Voir : https://www.library.universiteitleiden.nl/news/2018/08/symposium-panji-stories-in-manuscripts-and-performance

Engaging the UWSA: Countering Myths, Building Ties

Wa flag flies outside school in Northern Wa Region (Image Credit: Andrew Ong)

« Engaging the UWSA: Countering Myths, Building Ties » by Andrew Ong, 20/08/2018, Tea Circle, An Oxford Forum for New Perspectives on Burma/Myanmar

Andrew Ong makes the case for the international community to reach out to the UWSA and build trust.

The carefully staged photos of tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing serving soup to United Wa State Army (UWSA) commander Bao Youyi, hospitalised after fatigue and hypertension at the Third Union Peace Conference (UPC) in July 2018, raised eyebrows across the country. The photo was posted to the former’s Facebook page and gestured towards bridge-building between the tatmadaw and the UWSA, the country’s strongest Ethnic Armed Organisation (EAO).

Building genuine trust however, will take far more than birds’ nest soup.

Not captured in the photograph were the UWSA’s demands for an official Wa State, amendments to the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) and the 2008 Constitution, and recognition of the Wa-controlled territory on the Thai border.

The UWSA had in September 2016 walked out of Aung San Suu Kyi’s landmark attempt to build peace with EAOs, the 21st Century Panglong Conference (now UPC). The formation of the UWSA-led coalition, the Federal Political Negotiation and Consultative Committee (FPNCC) in April 2017, was a further blow to her NLD government’s hopes for significant progress in the peace process. The FPNCC submitted its demands at the Second UPC in May 2017, which were largely ignored. This Third UPC saw little concrete progress made, and now runs the risk of halting its momentum.

Perceptions and Myths of the UWSA

The UWSA was formed from the fracturing of the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) in 1989, its leaders quick to sign a ceasefire with the tatmadaw, one that has held to the present day. It controls fully two large swathes of territory along the Chinese and Thai borders, protected by an army of around 30,000.

Narratives about the UWSA have focused on secrecy and isolation, with sensationalised reporting about “an empire built on guns, drugs and blood”, or unverified allegations of the acquisition of helicopters and other weapons. The scant scholarly material centres on the political economy of opium and drugs, with book covers predominantly depicting soldiers in poppy fields.

In May 2015, the UWSA hosted the first EAOs summit at its headquarters in Pangkham, without the presence of Myanmar government representatives, and created the first opportunity for the press to visit Wa Region. Journalists were invited by the UWSA again in October 2016.

Paradoxically, while these visits gave a glimpse into life inside Wa Region, they also created distance – exaggerating the secrecy and remoteness of Wa Region, or its similarities to China. Across the media, representations of the UWSA invariably depict young soldiers marching, training, or guarding checkpoints, alongside charges of vice and lawlessness, and exotic visuals of the wildlife trade and casinos.

Little wonder then, that the UWSA remains “feared and poorly understood”, and few in Yangon can imagine ever engaging with the UWSA. Two serious misconceptions circulate in Yangon: first that the UWSA is a part or pawn of China, and second that they are mysterious, isolated and disengaged from Myanmar.

Lire la suite sur : https://teacircleoxford.com/2018/08/20/engaging-the-uwsa-countering-myths-building-ties/

The virtual museum of Balinese painting

The virtual museum of Balinese painting

The Virtual Museum of Balinese Painting brings the unique art of Bali to the world as well as providing Balinese communities with an invaluable cultural resource. The Virtual Museum is an online database of Balinese paintings which documents public and private collections held in different parts of the world.

The project began as a collaboration between researchers at the University of Sydney and the Australian Museum, together with input from the holder of a private collection of artworks painted in the village of Batuan in central Bali.

Some of the first entries showcased the ancient classical art of the village of Kamasan, Klungkung in east Bali. Kamasan paintings have been documented in a number of important collections such as the Australian Museum’s Forge Collection, and the collections of the American Museum of Natural History, the Leiden Ethnographic Museum, and the Tropen Museum in Amsterdam.

The Bali Cultural Service (Dinas Kebudayaan Bali) has provided valuable support for the project and granted permission to include the relatively unknown public collections in Bali, especially that of the Museum Bali, the island’s most important cultural repository. The incorporation of a database of works which belonged to the collection of Leo Haks further enhanced the scope of the project. The project was funded by a grant from the Australian Research Council and was led by the University of Sydney’s Adrian Vickers and Peter Worsley, together with Siobhan Campbell and staff from Australian Museum, in particular Stan Florek. The late Thomas Freitag played an indispensable role in the whole project. The website uses Heurist database software, and has been designed by Steven Hayes with programming by Steve White. Bruce Granquist, Wayan Jarrah Sastrawan, James Watson and Safrina Thristiawati carried out important research support. Site design is by Ireneusz Golka.

Experiencing Balinese culture

The government-run Bali Culture Service provides information on key events and places of cultural interest, such as the annual Balinese Cultural Festival (Pesta Kesenian Bali), held in June/July.

Major private art museums on Bali include the Museum Puri Lukisan, the Neka Art Museum, and the Agung Rai Museum of Art (ARMA) in Ubud, the Nyoman Gunarsa Museum in Klungkung, and the Museum Pasifika in Nusa Dua.

On peut explorer le site par artiste, par collection ou par récit (ex : Adiparwa, Calon Arang, Sutasoma …)

Voir : http://sydney.edu.au/heurist/balipaintings/

 

Digitising ‘sacred heirloom’ in private collections in Kerinci, Sumatra, Indonesia (EAP117)

Digitising ‘sacred heirloom’ in private collections in Kerinci, Sumatra, Indonesia (EAP117) – Endangered Archives Programme (British Library)

View archives from this project (1,419)

Aims and objectives

The highlands of Sumatra remain one of the most neglected regions of insular Southeast Asia in terms of philology, history and archaeology. Our knowledge of highland life and political-economic ties with the lowlands and other parts of Southeast Asia remains limited, relying mainly on the first European accounts from the beginning of the 19th century. Manuscripts and artefacts from the material culture are hence the most valuable sources of information about the region. The project is expected to reveal substantial data on the trading connections between the highlands and the lowlands, providing additional clues to the interpretation of the archaeological data.

Of the more than 80 private collections held in Kerinci with over 200 manuscripts and hundreds of artefacts, this project intends to cover about 40-60 collections, resulting in a digital archive of rare ancient manuscripts and artefacts from the 14th to the 20th century.

Some of the manuscripts and artefacts have already almost completely disintegrated while others are in better condition, but the majority are in a suitable state for copying. The materials are kept as sacred heirlooms and getting access to the materials is subject to negotiations with the caretakers and is time-consuming. During several small-scale pilot projects a small number of manuscripts were documented, enabling a good network to be established and support gained from senior figures of the Kerinci society, including the regent (bupati) of the Kerinci regency. Through this network of support it will be relatively easy for permission to be granted to document the collections.

There will be close cooperation with archaeologists to classify the artefacts and gather as much background information about provenance, distribution, and age of the artefacts as possible. The manuscripts will also be closely examined and all manuscripts in the Kerinci script will be character mapped for a possible reconstruction of the development of the Kerinci script and its relation to neighbouring Sumatran scripts. Malay language manuscripts will be examined in cooperation with Indonesian and international scholars.

It is planned to centrally store all information (digital images, descriptions, and transliteration) in a searchable database, which will be made available to the national libraries of the three Malay speaking countries Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, the Indonesian National Archive, the British Library, and a selected number of national and international libraries with a strong SEA focus. The database will also be accessible online.

Visit the project website and view some of the digital collections.

Outcomes

Blog: Heirloom manuscripts from Jambi – October 2014

The records copied by this project have been catalogued as:

  • EAP117/1 Sultan Mandaro Putih Collection
  • EAP117/2 Depati Singolago Tuo Collection
  • EAP117/3 Iskandar Zakaria Collection
  • EAP117/4 Pak Man Collection
  • EAP117/5 Yusuf Hasyim Collection …

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 54, n° 1, 2018

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 54, n° 1, 2018

Table of Contents

Survey of Recent Developments

  • Can Indonesia Secure a Development Dividend from Its Resource Export Boom? by Rashesh Shrestha & Ian Coxhead

Other Articles

  • Tax Non-Compliance and Perceptions of Corruption: Policy Implications for Developing Countries by Arifin Rosid, Chris Evans & Binh Tran-Nam
  • Property-Price Determinants in Indonesia by Matthew Gnagey & Ryan Tans
  • Regional Disparity in the Body Mass Index Distribution of Indonesians: New Evidence Beyond The Mean by Toshiaki Aizawa

Note

  • Predictability, Price Bubbles, and Efficiency in the Indonesian Stock-Market by Fahad Almudhaf

Book Reviews

  • Michaela Haug, Martin Rössler, Anna-Teresa Grumblies (eds), Rethinking Power Relations in Indonesia: Transforming the Margins by Thomas P. Power
  • Hans Hägerdal, Held’s History of Sumbawa: An Annotated Translation by William G. Clarence-Smith
  • Eko Saputro, Indonesia and ASEAN Plus Three Financial Cooperation: Domestic Politics, Power Relations, and Regulatory Regionalism by Joel Rathus

Voir : https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cbie20/54/1

 

 

 

 

 

Journal of Contemporary Asia, vol. 48, n° 4, 2018

Journal of Contemporary Asia, vol. 48, n° 4, 2018
Crisis, Populism and Right-wing Politics in Asia

Table of Contents

Original Articles

  • Asia’s Conservative Moment: Understanding the Rise of the Right by Priya Chacko & Kanishka Jayasuriya
  • The Right Turn in India: Authoritarianism, Populism and Neoliberalisation by Priya Chacko
  • Imagine All the People? Mobilising Islamic Populism for Right-Wing Politics in Indonesia by Vedi R. Hadiz
  • Authoritarian Statism and the New Right in Asia’s Conservative Democracies by Kanishka Jayasuriya
  • Limited Pluralism in a Liberal Democracy: Party Law and Political Incorporation in South Korea by Erik Mobrand
  • The Australian Right in the “Asian Century”: Inequality and Implications for Social Democracy by Carol Johnson
  • Creating Surplus Labour: Neo-Liberal Transformations and the Development of Relative Surplus Population in Indonesia by Muhtar Habibi

Commentary

  • Excessive Use of Deadly Force by Police in the Philippines Before Duterte by Peter Kreuzer

Book Reviews

  • Alpa Shah, Jens Lerche, Richard Axelby, Dalel Benbabaali, Brendan Donegan, Jayaseelan Raj and Vikramaditya Thakur, Ground Down by Growth: Tribe, Caste, Class and Inequality in Twenty-First Century India by Kenneth Bo Nielsen
  • Ashley South and Mary Lall (eds), Citizenship in Myanmar: Ways of Being In and From Burma by Gerry van Klinken

Voir : https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjoc20/48/4

 

 

 

The Lao dam collapse: a tragedy long in the making

« The Lao dam collapse: a tragedy long in the making » by Bruce Shoemaker, 03/08/2018, New Mandala

The partial collapse of a newly constructed dam in Laos has killed dozens of local villagers and devastated the lives and livelihoods of thousands—and in doing so exposed cracks in the hydropower agenda of the country’s one-party government. The South Korean and Thai companies spearheading the Xe Pian-Xe Namnoy project initially tried to write off the collapse as a natural disaster induced by heavy rains. However, this was very much an avoidable manmade tragedy caused by poor design, construction and operation.

While the Xe Pian-Xe Namnoy tragedy is particularly acute, the rush to transform Laos into “the battery of Southeast Asia” through rapid construction of large hydropower across the country is already a widespread, if largely unacknowledged, human rights and environmental disaster.

In a highly restrictive one-party state in which local people have no freedom of expression or access to independent media, and civil society is severely constrained, tens of thousands of people are being forcibly resettled to make way for large-scale hydropower projects and other infrastructure.

Many more communities downstream from these projects, dependent on migratory fish and other river resources for income and food security, have lost livelihoods and food sources without acknowledgement or redress. Some projects are being built in what are legally protected conservation areas, causing severe impacts on areas of high biodiversity significance. Xe Pian-Xe Namnoy was no exception.

Lire la suite sur : http://www.newmandala.org/lao-dam-collapse-tragedy-long-making/

The Painting That Is Painted With Poetry Is Profoundly Beautiful

« The Painting That Is Painted With Poetry Is Profoundly Beautiful – Tang Chang » by Nora Taylor, Jul/Aug 2018, ArtAsiaPacific

Chills ran down my spine as I peered into the vitrine positioned toward the end of the late Tang Chang’s solo exhibition at the Smart Museum of Art, so beautifully and adeptly curated by Orianna Cacchione. On a faded sheet of paper was the word “gunman,” handwritten in English, and repeated in a pattern that resembles a monument. In the top right-hand corner, the word “democracy” appeared; at the bottom right was the date 1978. The Thai artist was referring to the suppression of the student protest against the return of Thanom Kittikachorn, an exiled military dictator, which had taken place two years earlier in Bangkok. That event, known as the October 1976 massacre, had led to the deaths of many at the hands of the Thai military. Yet, reading those words in the south of Chicago, I immediately thought of the recent and persistent shootings that have taken place in American schools. That a Thai artist—a self-described Buddhist, no less—would capture the mood of our violent times in such a poetic way was moving.

There were several other poems shaped like the Democracy Monument. Kill was one of them, and Democracy of Dictatorship (both 1978), written in Thai, was another. Many of the words were barely legible, appearing like scribbles, but their repetition created drawings, interwoven lines and shapes. I begin this review by mentioning these poems, even though Chang was also a painter and the exhibition included many of his paintings, because after walking through the rooms that held them, I could barely distinguish the poems from the paintings and vice versa. The title that the curator chose for the exhibition made complete sense. Poetry comes first, and is the medium for the paintings.

The exhibition at the Smart Museum is the first solo exhibition of Chang’s works outside of Thailand and the first to be held in the United States.

Lire la suite sur : http://artasiapacific.com/Magazine/109/ThePaintingThatIsPaintedWithPoetryIsProfoundlyBeautiful

Talking Indonesia: local leadership

« Talking Indonesia: local leadership » by Bima Arya Sugiarto, 02/08/2018, Indonesia at Melbourne

The 2018 regional elections brought victories for several candidates who have made a name for themselves as innovative and reform-oriented. Thanks to their successes in raising living standards, making local bureaucracies more efficient and creating urgently needed public spaces, young leaders such as Ridwan Kamil, Ganjar Pranowo, Nurdin Abdullah and Bima Arya Sugiarto won convincing election victories in some of Indonesia’s most populous regions.

But can this new breed of local leaders really change entrenched patterns of politics in Indonesia? How do they navigate established patronage channels? And how do they see their place within the broader political environment in Indonesia today?

In Talking Indonesia this week, Dr Dirk Tomsa discusses these and other questions with one of these young politicians, Dr Bima Arya Sugiarto, the recently re-elected mayor of Bogor.

A écouter sur : http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/talking-indonesia-local-leadership/

P’teah Cambodia project website

P’teah Cambodia project website

P’Teah Cambodia is co-directed by Drs. Miriam Stark and Alison Carter in collaboration with colleagues from the Battambang Department of Culture and the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, Cambodia.

Miriam Stark has worked in Cambodia since 1995, first as co-director of the Lower Mekong Archaeological Project (LOMAP) and more recently with the Greater Angkor Project. She is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at the University of Hawaii.

Alison Carter began working with Dr. Stark and the LOMAP project in 2005 and with the Greater Angkor Project in 2011. In 2015, she co-directed an excavation of a house mound within the Angkor Wat temple enclosure. She is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oregon.

ProjecT Excavating Ancient Households

P’teah​ or ផ្ទះ is the Khmer word for house. We call our project P’teah Cambodia because we investigate ancient residential spaces from the Pre-Angkorian (6-8th centuries), Angkorian (8-15th centuries CE), and Post-Angkorian (15-17th centuries CE) periods.

Angkor is one of the largest preindustrial settlements in the world and has been the focus of substantial scholarly attention. Despite more than a century of epigraphic, art historical, and architectural research, however, we still know little about the people of Angkor: who built the temples, kept the shrines running, produced food, managed the water, and farmed the crops that supported the empire. Studying past households and their activities is important for understanding daily practices of people in the past. Our project explores the roles of households and non-elites in the Cambodian past.

Our current fieldwork takes place around Prasat Basaet, near the city of Battambang in northwest Cambodia. Most recent archaeological attention since 1995 has focused on the structure and function of the Angkorian capital (or Greater Angkor), where our project worked from 2010-2015. Greater Angkor, however, was connected to and dependent upon large provincial centers, whose administrators channeled goods and labor to the capital. Battambang was one of the most arable regions of the Angkorian polity, and has a deep record of archaeological occupation that extends into the early Holocene and perhaps before. Our work examines how provincial populations became enmeshed in the Angkorian state. Did Angkorian power in the provinces wax and wane with different rulers? What was the economic relationship between the provincial areas and the Angkorian capital? How did people in the provinces interact with their environment and deal with the climatic changes that facilitated the rise and demise of Angkor? Such information is essential to building a comprehensive history of Angkorian Cambodia.

Voir : https://sites.google.com/view/pteah-cambodia/home

IS in the Philippines and the Battle of Marawi: a new appraisal

« IS in the Philippines and the Battle of Marawi: a new appraisal » by Luke Lichin, 31/07/2018, New Mandala

Nine months since the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) retook the city of Marawi from a coalition of Islamic State (IS) affiliated groups, resulting in the deaths of at least 802 militants, 160 government forces, and 47 civilians, President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL).

The legislation grants political and financial autonomy to a new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in the Southern Philippines after decades of insurgency and years of tumultuous peace negotiations. Promisingly, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) voiced its satisfaction with the legislation, and is working towards the next steps of implementation, including the decommissioning of 30,000-40,000 fighters. Nevertheless, the BOL must still overcome a range of challenges, including efforts by IS-affiliates to spoil the prospect of peace in Mindanao and Sulu.

Speaking on behalf of the IS-aligned faction of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), Abu Misri Mama derided the BOL as an agreement that will benefit only the MILF, and warned of future attacks in response. Although the AFP dismissed the threat as empty propaganda, continuing clashes with the BIFF in Maguindanao and Cotabato lend credibility to Abu Misri Mama’s announcement. The BIFF, like the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and the Maute Group, reject the notion of autonomy for Muslims in the Southern Philippines, and seek to create an IS Wilayat (province) in Southeast Asia; a casus belli that resonates with and attracts fighters from Mindanao, Sulu, and abroad.

Small and fragmented though they are, the BIFF, the ASG, and the Maute Group are resilient organisations that have defied the AFP’s attempts to stamp them out, and there is no better illustration of that resilience than the AFP’s victory in Marawi.

Lire la suite sur : http://www.newmandala.org/philippines-battle-marawi-new-appraisal/

50 shades of yellow: how conservatism overwhelmed liberalism in the anti-Thaksin movement

« 50 shades of yellow: how conservatism overwhelmed liberalism in the anti-Thaksin movement » by Kanokrat Leertchoosakul, 01/08/2018, New Mandala

« Of the 100 PAD members I interviewed, 76 had previously never actively participated in a political movement. 63 had not even followed political news before their foray into protesting with the yellow shirts. »

At its incipience, the movement against Thaksin Shinawatra (and his subsequent nominee governments) compromised a motley—even contradictory—crew of groups loyal to diverse ideologies and political standpoints. This is a history now easily forgotten. They ranged from conservatives genuinely opposed to democracy and bent on defending nationalism and monarchism, to factions who mobilised to defend democratic ideals and who were resolutely wary of nationalism and royalism.

During the People’s Alliance for Democracy’s (PAD) early days, most of the movement’s conservatives members constituted the rank and file. In contrast, several leaders who exercised managing authority over protest sites came from liberal backgrounds. As one anonymous leader of the movement in Udon Thani remarked, “The Rajabhat rally was organised [by liberals] because we had experience in managing crowds. No one else did”. How was it that this heterogeneous network eventually mobilised down a progressively conservative direction, whereby royalist, nationalist and anti-democratic forces overwhelmed the movement?

I argue conservative mobilisation strategies married two previously disparate networks: first, scattered right-wing groups and second, an apolitical middle-class mass. Right-wing networks, once weak and diffuse, were brought together by the need to mobilise a popular base and in doing so forged a relatively united front. Simultaneously, these right-wing leaders attracted through the discourse of “Threat, Big Crisis, Action Is Needed Now” (ภัยคุกคาม-วิกฤตครั้งใหญ่-ต้องทำอะไรเดี๋ยวนี้) the support of members of the middle-class who had never before participated in a political movement—who were subsequently “politically awakened”.

When these two networks coalesced, conservative elements overwhelmed the movement against Thaksin in terms of numbers, bargaining power and resources, progressively squeezing out liberal elements. I base my genealogy of how the movement against Thaksin took on a conservative zeal—something that we may now take for granted—on interviews with 100 people who once mobilised against the tycoon-cum-politician. Interviewees came from 13 provinces across four of the country’s regions.

Lire la suite sur : http://www.newmandala.org/50-shades-yellow-conservatism-overwhelmed-liberalism-anti-thaksin-movement/

No need for Magic: A simple trick for the display of a Batak manuscript

« No need for Magic: A simple trick for the display of a Batak manuscript » by Julia Poirier, 13/07/2018, Chester Beatty Conservation

Amongst the treasures at the Chester Beatty is a small collection of 51 Batak manuscripts – 45 bark books, 4 inscribed bamboos, 1 bone amulet and one paper manuscript. Hailing from North Sumatra in Indonesia, the oldest of these manuscripts is dated to the 19th century. The Batak manuscript culture encompasses written texts on various organic materials including bamboo, bone and tree bark. The bark books, also known as pustaha are divination books, although other subjects such as medicine and magic are also common.

In preparation for a rotation of the Batak display case in the Sacred Traditions gallery, I condition checked four bark manuscripts. They were all in good condition and required very little attention, with the exception of one object (CBL Sum 1102).

The bark concertina manuscripts vary in size from some which are small enough to fit in the palm of your hand, to others which are around A4 in size. They are made of two wooden covers glued to a folded textblock made from the bark of the alim tree or agarwood. The stiff bark is prepared in rice water to allow it to soften and be folded into a concertina book.

In the typical East Asian fashion, lacquer was used to seal off the raw edges of the bark at head and tail of the concertina textblock. This provided extra strength to the most vulnerable part of the exposed textblock.

Inside the textblock, the text runs vertically in plain black ink, following the folds in the concertina. There are additions of elaborate illustrations and tables within the text, sometimes highlighted in red ink.

Lire la suite sur : https://chesterbeattyconservation.wordpress.com/2018/07/13/no-need-for-magic-a-simple-trick-for-the-display-of-a-batak-manuscript/