Le Vénérable W., portrait d’une figure birmane de la provocation : un troisième volet à la « Trilogie du mal » de Barbet Shroeder

Le Vénérable W., portrait d’une figure birmane de la provocation : un troisième volet à la « Trilogie du mal » de Barbet Shroeder par Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière, 26/09/2017, Carnets de Terrain

Provocante, l’image que l’on a vue cet été à l’affiche des cinémas parisiens l’est tout autant que celle à la une du Time Asie de juillet 2013 et dont la violence a suscité alors, en Birmanie,  le retrait à la vente du magazine. La première image montre un moine bouddhiste à la face d’ange méditant sur fond de mosquées calcinées. La seconde qui figure le même moine illustre un dossier intitulé « The Face of Buddhist Terror ». Les deux jouent sur le choc provoqué par l’association du bouddhisme à la terreur, renforcé par l’apparence angélique du religieux. Le public assez dispersé qui sort de la salle de cinéma parisienne en ce mois de juin caniculaire, sonné après ce document « glaçant », donne libre cours à sa consternation : « les bouddhistes aussi peuvent être haineux ! » peinant à comprendre qu’une partie de leur effarement tient à la force de l’illusion occidentale selon laquelle le bouddhisme ne serait pas une religion tout à fait comme les autres. Le documentaire de Barbet Shroeder éclaire crûment ce malentendu de la réception occidentale du bouddhisme comme philosophie pacifiste plutôt que comme religion inscrite dans des histoires particulières non dépourvues de violence. Ne ferait-il que cela, il servirait déjà notre discernement.

Mais s’il joue de ce malentendu, le cinéaste suisse poursuit un autre but, autopsier le « mal » dans ses ramifications, ses agissements et ses conséquences funestes à travers le portrait de Wirathu, moine appartenant à l’ordre bouddhiste de Birmanie qui s’est illustré depuis 2012 par ses discours islamophobes radicaux. Shroeder explique qu’essayant de se débarrasser d’un sentiment de rage qu’il éprouvait lui-même, en se réfugiant dans le bouddhisme, « sa dernière illusion », il avait découvert en Birmanie cet exemple bouddhiste de haine raciste et avait décidé d’en faire le troisième volet de sa « Trilogie du mal ». Inaugurée en 1974 avec son film Le Général Amin Dada. Autoportrait, poursuivie avec l’Avocat de la terreur qui date de 2007 et porte sur l’ambiguïté du personnage de Jacques Vergès, la trilogie est constituée d’une galerie de portraits dont la force tient à ce que son auteur « laisse la parole » à ses monstres, « il ne les juge pas, il les laisse dire des horreurs… qui les révèlent ». Shroeder a convaincu Wirathu de se laisser filmer en flattant ses tendances mégalomaniaques: il lui a seulement dit « que les Français qui allaient bientôt élire Marine Le Pen, étaient très intéressés par ce qu’il faisait de son côté en Birmanie ». Le fond d’islamophobie sur lequel surfe Wirathu en Birmanie n’est, on le sait, pas isolé et sa réactivation virulente résonne avec le discours planétaire rejetant la religion du prophète au nom de ses épigones radicalisés. Wirathu en utilisateur averti de tous les outils médiatiques et maître dans l’art de la provocation n’a pas hésité à répondre à la proposition du cinéaste.

Lire la suite sur : https://blogterrain.hypotheses.org/9816

If Indonesia wants to combat hoaxes it must fix its public broadcasters

If Indonesia wants to combat hoaxes it must fix its public broadcasters by Ross Tapsell, 25/09/2017, Indonesia at Melbourne

On election night in 2014, Indonesians tuned in to two 24-hour news stations to see who won. On TVOne, Prabowo Subianto was touted as the winner. Over on MetroTV, Joko “Jokowi” Widodo was declared the winner. Given the partisan coverage of both stations throughout the election, it was not surprising that many viewers had no idea who actually won. Few bothered to check TVRI, Indonesia’s state-run television station.

Since then, citizens have become increasingly wary of partisan mainstream news sites, and are turning to a swathe of alternative online sources of information, some of which are deliberately produced to encourage sectarianism.

One solution to this problem is an independent, fearless, public media that could provide a serious alternative to privately owned conglomerates and the increasing spread of hoax news and disinformation online. Indonesia is in dire need of a robust publicly owned media in the digital era. Unfortunately, public broadcasting in Indonesia is ‘dying’ and needing ‘revitalisation’.

 In countries such as the United Kingdom (BBC), Australia (ABC), and Japan (NHK), nation-wide public broadcasters produce news and information across a variety of platforms, including the internet. In Australia, for example, the ABC has three digital television stations, a 24-hour news station that can be live-streamed online, and hundreds of local radio stations (which are also available online), as well as a growing online news and information presence through abc.net.au.

Indonesia’s public media looks more like the United States model, where television station PBS is underfunded and ignored by viewers, overpowered by privately owned cable news stations like Fox and CNN.

Lire la suite : http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/if-indonesia-wants-to-combat-hoaxes-it-must-fix-its-public-broadcasters/

 

Reflecting on the Saffron Revolution, In Poetry and Prose

Reflecting on the Saffron Revolution, in Poetry and Prose by Courtney Wittekind, 20/09/2017

This week’s posts on Tea Circle represent the start of our forum on the “Saffron Revolution,” during which we will feature submissions by those analyzing, debating, and reflecting upon the impact of Myanmar’s 2007 demonstrations, 10 years on. We will continue to accept submissions through the start of the forum, so if you would like to add your voice, whether in your own post or in the form of a response to another, please see our Call for Submissions or write to our editors at: editor@teacircleoxford.com.

We begin with a poem by celebrated Burmese journalist, activist, writer, and poet Khet Mar, “The Wound.” It was written in 2012 following the release of 651 political prisoners, many of whom were members of the 88 Generation Students’ Group and sentenced following their participation in the 2007 demonstrations. In it, Khet Mar reflects on the struggle for political change in Burma/Myanmar, the country’s resultant legacies of activism, and the experience of witnessing upheaval from afar— an experience all too common for those in exile.

Courtney Wittekind and Khet Mar connected earlier this week to discuss the poem’s representation of the Saffron Revolution’s leaders, its relation to political change writ large, and how its words relate to the present moment, as we now look back upon past events. Their conversation follows the poem in English and in Burmese.

Continuer la lecture de Reflecting on the Saffron Revolution, In Poetry and Prose

Talking Indonesia : Higher education

Podcast : Talking Indonesia: higher education by Andrew Rosser, 14/09/2017, Indonesia at Melbourne

Indonesia’s tertiary education institutions have long performed poorly in global university rankings. Among the various deficits that are routinely recorded are low teaching and research quality, inadequate levels of knowledge transfer and a lack of an international outlook. The Indonesian government has repeatedly expressed concern about the dismal results in the rankings, but despite a number of initiatives to transform the country’s leading universities into world class institutions, the higher education sector remains riddled with problems. Why do Indonesian universities struggle to deliver better academic programs? What reforms have been attempted and why have they failed? Who are the actors and organisations involved in the politics of higher education in Indonesia?

In this week’s Talking Indonesia podcast, Dr Dirk Tomsa discusses these issues with Andrew Rosser, Professor of Southeast Asian Studies at the University of Melbourne’s Asia Institute.

Look out for a new Talking Indonesia podcast every fortnight. Catch up on previous episodes here, subscribe via iTunes or listen via your favourite podcasting app.

A écouter : http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/talking-indonesia-higher-education/

 

Katipunan: Journal ng mga pag-aaral sa wika, panitikan, sining at kulturang filipino

 Call for papers : Translating Southeast Asia

Joseph T. Salazar

Katipunan, the Filipino language journal of Ateneo de Manila University in the Philippines, is looking for papers problematizing translation in Southeast Asia. In a period of economic and geopolitical restructuring, the exigency of ongoing scholarly consideration towards the region’s languages could not be timelier. While ample consideration has been made between English, colonial
and individual national languages, not a lot of connections are documented between national languages such as Thai and Filipino, or between more less known but equally important languages
and/or dialects such as Batak Toba spoken in North Sumatra and Jarai spoken in Vietnam and Cambodia. This issue aims to assemble disparate translation studies from the region in order to
articulate practices and issues concerning the region’s numerous languages, the cultures and identities they represent, and their significance in today’s complex world. Although Katipunan is a Filipino language journal, we are welcoming submissions in English and other major Southeast Asian languages accompanied by an English translation to encourage multilingual and multidisciplinary exchanges for this issue. Likewise, we also welcome translations of contemporary literary texts from across the region to be featured in our literary section.

Inquiries and/or article submissions can be sent to jsalazar@ateneo.edu before the 30th of November, 2017. Katipunan relies on a double blind peer review process to uphold the quality and validity of individual articles. Recent and previous articles from the journal can be accessed online for free at http://journals.ateneo.edu/ojs/katipunan.

10th Biennial Association for Southeast Asian Cinemas Conference

Call for papers: 10th Biennial Association for Southeast Asian Cinemas Conference, July 23-26, 2018, Yogyakarta, Indonesia: The Politics of Faith, Spirituality, and Religion in Southeast Asian Cinemas

Deadline for the submission of abstracts : 30/10/2017

Possible topics include, but are by no means limited to:
  • Representation of religion, religious themes, and spirituality in cinema
  • Faiths, identity-based politics, sectarianism
  • Cinema as a vehicle for the adaptation and continual development of religious or traditional ideologies and systems of thought
  • Cinema as a mediator between religious and political authorities and the public
  • Cinematic reference to, or quotation of, traditional systems of belief and forms of expression
  • Cinema and Institutional investment in defining and promoting tradition
  • Faith/religion and reception, exhibition, distribution (ex. themed festivals)
  • Films as interventions into religious politics/cultures and sectarian politics
  • Faith/religion/spirituality, film, and consumer culture
  • Religion and censorship
  • Islamic themed films as a contemporary phenomena in Indonesia and Malaysia (and elsewhere)

Please send an abstract (max. 300 words) and short bio (max. 100 words) to: Katinka Van Heeren (cvanheeren@hotmail.com), Patrick Campos (patrick.campos@gmail.com), and Sophia Harvey (soharvey@vassar.edu).

Voir : http://www.cseashawaii.org/deadlines/conferences/

 

InterAsian Connections VI: Hanoi (2018)

Hanoi, Vietnam – September 19, 2014: View of people crossing the Huc Bridge in the middle of Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Conference on InterAsian Connections VI: Hanoi , 4-7/12/2018
Hosted by the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences

Organized by: Social Science Research Council InterAsia Program, Duke University Global Asia Initiative, Göttingen University Global and Transregional Studies Platform, the Hong Kong Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Hong Kong, Asia Research Institute at the National University of Singapore, Seoul National University Asia Center, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, and Yale University – collectively the Organizers.

Request for Workshop Proposals

InterAsian Connections VI: Hanoi is the sixth in a series of conferences showcasing innovative research from across the social sciences and related disciplines that explores themes that transform conventional understandings of Asia. Crossing traditional area studies boundaries and creating international and interdisciplinary networks of scholars working to theorize the intersection of the “global” and the “regional” in a variety of contexts, Asia is reconceptualized as a dynamic and interconnected historical, geographical, and cultural formation stretching from West Asia through Eurasia, South Asia and Southeast Asia, to East Asia.

The 2018 Hanoi conference—comprised of both closed, director-led thematic workshops and plenary sessions open across workshops and to the general public—will be structured to enable intensive “working group” interactions on specific research themes as well as broader interactions on topics of mutual interest and concern. Each workshop will have two directors with different institutional affiliations, preferably representing different disciplines.

Joint proposals are invited from faculty members at accredited universities and colleges in any world region who are interested in co-organizing and co-directing a thematic workshop that addresses one of the following broadly conceived workshop themes (click here to see full description of workshop themes):

  1. Sites of InterAsian Interaction
  2. Territorial Sovereignties and Historical Identities
  3. Transregional Religious Networks
  4. Environmental Humanities in Asia
  5. Rethinking Conceptual Frameworks for the Rise of Asian Cities
  6. Infrastructures and Networks

Plus d’informations sur : https://www.ssrc.org/programs/child-component/interasia-program/interasian-connections-conference-series/interasian-connections-vi-hanoi-2018/

Critical tourism studies – Asia-Pacific

Call for papers: Recentering Critical Tourism Studies, 4-6/03/2018, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Final deadline for abstract and panel submission : 15/10/2017

The Asia Pacific is one of the fastest growing regions in the world for both international and domestic tourism. The growth of this region has radically altered the global tourism landscape and contributed to new modes of tourism practice, while engendering a decentering of Anglo-Western centrism in tourism theory. In this inaugural conference of the Critical Tourism Studies Asia Pacific network (CTS-AP), we seek to draw attention to the multiple modalities and recenterings of critical tourism scholarship.

The aim of this conference is to stimulate new conversations that examine issues across tourism theory, policy and practice. By highlighting perspectives in and beyond the region, we address how the “center” of tourism scholarship is mediated by ongoing shifts in the global political economy, tourism geopolitics and environmental governance.

We seek to re-frame the centers and peripheries of critical tourism studies through focused and critical analyses of tourism ideologies, practices, and policies, bringing a particular interest to how they circulate transnationally, regionally and locally through complex and manifold interconnections within the Asia-Pacific region and beyond.

We welcome papers and presentations from scholars and practitioners that employ a critical approach to tourism studies. We anticipate the participation of practitioners, travel writers and tourism-focused scholars from across a range of disciplines such as anthropology, geography, sociology, political science, and cultural, environmental, women’s, area, and tourism studies.

Plus d’informations sur :  http://www.criticaltourismstudies.com/call-for-papers.html

Supportive publications

Our academic journal partners may invite selected papers to be submitted for possible publication subject to the usual peer review process.

Voir la liste des revues : http://www.criticaltourismstudies.com/call-for-papers.html

South East Asia Research, vol. 25, n° 3, September 2017

South East Asia Research, vol. 25, n° 3, September 2017
Special issue : Value transfers in Southeast Asia : Religion, Charity, and Subjectivity in an era of Neoliberal Reform

Guest editor : Konstantinos Retsikas

Table of contents

  • Value transfers in South East Asia by Konstantinos Retsikas
  • Domestic volunteer tourism in Thailand : The volunteer spirit and the politics of ‘good people’ by Nattaka Chaisinthop
  • The neglected side of philanthropy : Gifts to hungry ghosts in contemporary Việt Nam by Marina Marouda
  • An excess of goodness? Volunteering among aid professionals in Cambodia by Anne-Meike Fechter
  • The gift of future time: Islamic welfare and entrepreneurship in 21st century Indonesia by Konstantinos Retsikas
  • The great value of poor migrants: State policies, Christian morality and primary education in Sabah, Malaysia by Yvan Schulz

Book reviews

  • Th. C. van der Meij and N. Lambooij (eds),The Malay Hikayat Miʿrāj Nabi Muḥammad by Peter Riddell
  • Jeremy Menchik, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia: Tolerance Without Liberalism by Chris Chaplin

Voir : http://journals.sagepub.com/toc/ser/current

 

« Vengeance is mine, all others pay cash » by Eka Kurniawan

Eka Kurniawan, Vengeance is mine, all others pay cash by Tim Hannigan, 14/09/2017, Asian Review of Books

Eka Kurniawan is the Quentin Tarantino of Indonesian literature: a brash wunderkind, delivering gleeful references to pulp fiction, lashings of stylized violence, and an array of characters and scenarios that far surpass the tropes and clichés which inspire them. But as with Quentin Tarantino, one might occasionally wonder just how much substance lies beneath the indisputably stylish surface.

Vengeance is Mine, All Others Pay Cash (a peculiar rendering of the Indonesian title, Seperti Dendam, Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas, which might be better translated as “like revenge, longing must be paid in full”) is Kurniawan’s third novel to be translated into English. It follows his acclaimed debut, the surreal historical epic, Beauty is a Wound, and the short, sharp Man Tiger. As with the previous books there is plenty of sex, brutality and outrageous humor. But this time around there is no direct engagement with Indonesian history and few overtly supernatural elements. What we have instead is the violently quixotic odyssey of a man who can’t get an erection.

The book begins with the protagonist—street thug and sometime assassin Ajo Kawir—sitting on the edge of his bed, staring forlornly at his flaccid penis, “nestling like a newly hatched baby bird—curled into itself, looking hungry and cold”. And the opening dialogue is the first of Ajo Kawir’s many one-sided conversations with his unresponsive member:

He whispered to it, get up, Bird. Get up, you Wretch. You can’t just sleep forever. You have to get up. But that damn little bird didn’t want to get up.

Lire la suite sur : http://asianreviewofbooks.com/content/vengeance-is-mine-all-others-pay-cash-by-eka-kurniawan/

Will democracy in the Philippines go the way of Thailand?

Will democracy in the Philippines go the way of Thailand? by Michael Vatikiotis, 14/09/2017, The Economist

Rodrigo Duterte bears many similarities to Thaksin Shinawatra

WHEN Filipinos attempt to explain the political success of their tough-guy president, Rodrigo Duterte, they tend to point to local precursors. Joseph Estrada, a former matinée idol who had often played Robin Hood types, rose to the presidency by promising to be hard on bad guys and good to the poor. And then there is Ferdinand Marcos, who cultivated an image as a war hero to win election before assuming dictatorial powers, and whose reputation Mr Duterte is doing his best to restore.

Both these comparisons make Mr Duterte’s knack of casting himself as a friend of the people while giving short shrift to the niceties of democracy seem like a function of Philippine politics, in which populists occasionally attempt to stir up resentment against the hereditary caste of landowners who dominate government and the economy. After all, despite regular elections and much talk of reform, the 40 best-connected families still control about three-quarters of the Philippines’ wealth. Poverty is equally entrenched, as a visit to Manila’s slums or the southern, partly Muslim island of Mindanao makes clear.

But the Philippines is not the only country in South-East Asia with an entrenched establishment presiding over profound inequality. Most are blighted by single-party rule, or by a political churn which does not seem to have much impact on local power structures. Thailand, with a monarchy manipulated by the elites, is a case in point. The purpose of 12 military coups, two in the past 12 years, has been, as Michael Vatikiotis argues in “Blood and Silk”, a perceptive new book on the region, to maintain “an imposing if arcane edifice of power and [cultivate] a conservative mindset that has prevented the devolution of power and autonomy to ordinary people.”

Lire la suite sur : https://www.economist.com/news/asia/21728953-rodrigo-duterte-bears-many-similarities-thaksin-shinawatra-will-democracy-philippines-go?frsc=dg%7Ce

Rohingya identity and the limits to history

Rohingya identity and the limits to history by Jonathan Saha, 17/09/2017, New Mandala

Public discussions around Rohingya people currently fleeing violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar, have often involved arguments about history. While critical historical analysis is useful in offering insights into conflicts, History—if treated as a single, knowable past—is not. This is especially true when dealing with ethnicity. Whatever the past was, no amount of historical research can justify the current violence against Rohingya people.

The debate around Rohingya ethnicity lacks awareness of wider historiography (the history of historical research). On the one side, those denying that this is ethnic cleansing argue that there is no such thing as a Rohingya ethnic group. It is claimed that these people are actually Bengali Muslim migrants. The writings of historians such as Jacques Lieder have been used, by some, to support this position. He argues that the use of the term Rohingya to connote this Muslim population, although noted by eighteenth-century European travelers, is a modern one. For him, Rohingya is primarily a political identity. On the other side, Rohingya activists have resisted this characterisation. They have countered that there is evidence of Muslims living in the Rakhine region for centuries, and that these groups have periodically been called Rohingya.

Writing in The Diplomat last year, one commentator attempted to disentangle these debates by arguing that “the Rohingya are not an ethnic, but rather a political construction. [emphasis in original]”. This is wrong. Not only wrong in the sense of it being inaccurate, but wrong in two other ways: 1) in that it relies on a false division between the categories “political” and “ethnic”, and then treats the two as if they are mutually exclusive; and 2) in that it assumes that we can definitively know people’s ethnic identification in the past.

Lire la suite sur : http://www.newmandala.org/rohingya-limits-history/

Academic Position Assistant Professor in Asian Religions Dartmouth College

Academic Position

Assistant Professor in Asian Religions

Dartmouth College

Deadline: October 15, 2017

Web announcement: https://apply.interfolio.com/43693

The Department of Religion at Dartmouth College invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track position in Asian Religions. Appointment to begin as early as July 1, 2018. Applications from candidates who specialize in Japanese, Tibetan/Himalayan, or Southeast Asian religions, whose academic specialization lies in religion or in an academic discipline relating to the study of religion are encouraged. The successful candidate will be grounded in both theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of religion, as well as the relevant primary languages.

Call for Proposals Southeast Asia Literature and Cultural Politics in the Diaspora

Call for Proposals

Southeast Asia Literature and Cultural Politics in the Diaspora

Deadline: September 21, 2017

UCLA

March 29 – April 1, 2018

Web announcement: https://www.acla.org/seminar/southeast-asian-literature-and-cultural-politics-diaspora

Taking as the literary frame Southeast Asian literature in the diaspora, this seminar invite proposals that address the diaspora as the “dispersion” into many and multiple places. Following what Yen Espiritu calls “a relational comparative approach” that revolves around “critical juxtaposing” in Body Counts, the organizers seek proposals that explore diasporic literatures and cultural productions of Southeast Asia and deliver critiques of empire, neoliberalism, among others.

Proposals may be submitted via the ACLA portal by September 21, 2017, 9AM EST. Contact Catherine H. Nguyen (catheringuyen@ucla.edu) and Hao Jun Tam haot@sas.upenn.edu for any questions.

Alexandra de Mersan  » Retour en Arakan ou comment comprendre la lente exclusion des Rohingyas « 

Zones de conflits au Myanmar depuis 1995 (carte datée de 2016). CentreLeftRight, Aoetearoa/Wikimedia

 

 

Le 25 août dernier, des membres d’une organisation armée dénommée l’Armée de libération des Rohingyas de l’Arakan (ARSA) ont mené une série d’attaques contre des postes de police dans l’État d’Arakan (ou Rakhine), à l’ouest de la Birmanie, afin de « défendre et de protéger la communauté musulmane d’Arakan ».

En octobre 2016, ce groupe avait déjà attaqué trois postes frontière dans la région. La réponse de l’armée birmane et les affrontements qui ont suivi ont provoqué en l’espace de deux semaines, un nouvel exode de musulmans dans le Bangladesh voisin. Quelques 300 000 réfugiés sont alors venus s’ajouter à d’autres dizaines de milliers, installés dans des camps, ou alentours, près de la frontière, tandis que les autres populations civiles d’Arakan non musulmanes, bouddhistes et hindoues surtout, se réfugiaient vers le sud de la région.

Lire la suite