Archives par mot-clé : Histoire

Historicizing fiction, fictionalizing history

Historicizing fiction, fictionalizing history by Taufiq Hanafi, 31/03/2017, KITLV Blog

Sometimes fiction tells the truth and history perpetuates a fiction. This blog tells us about how history has been used to serve the creation of a national mythology, while fiction has allowed a space for more difficult histories to be worked out.

Similarly, the bleakest moment in Indonesian history is ignored and silenced. Almost all Indonesian written history skips over the mass killings of the communists and left-wing sympathizers after the aborted coup blamed on the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) in 1965.

Take the obligatory read for elementary students in the 1990s, Pendidikan Sejarah Perjuangan Bangsa (The History of the National Struggle). We Indonesians were so accustomed to this that we thought the historical events presented in the book were all objectively true. The book instructed students to show admiration for the Indonesian Army for their outstanding success in crushing the September movement of the PKI. It also wanted us to believe that the anti-communist purge was the right thing to do in order to support the national struggle for the just and prosperous society under Pancasila. Furthermore, it created a make-believe world in which Soeharto was a hero who had so much love and respect for his people and his country. As for the massacre, the book remained silent.

In fiction, however, the killings were made (more) clear. Ahmad Tohari in the Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk (Dancer of Paruk Hamlet) trilogy narrates the mass killings in Central Java, and describes the close cooperation between the army and paramilitary groups. Mencoba Tidak Menyerah (Trying not to Surrender) by Yudhistira ANM Masardi vividly portrays the systematic massacre and politics of fear through the eyes of a small boy who is searching for his father after he was made to disappear due to his affiliation with the communists. Ashadi Siregar centers his novel, Jentera Lepas, on students who were massacred by the army after the aborted coup, while Umar Kayam in Bawuk questions how society has been dehumanized for not having the courage to address the issue.

Lire la suite sur : http://www.kitlv.nl/blog-historicizing-fiction-fictionalizing-history/

CFP: Archaeology of the Seaports of Manila Galleon and the History of Early Maritime Globalization

CFP: Archaeology of the Seaports of Manila Galleon and the History of Early Maritime Globalization, 21–23July 2017,Amoy, Fujian, China

During 16-19 century, the Spanish navigators established and operated the Manila Galleon maritime route which connected eastern Asia and New Spain in the American continent. The galleons sailed via the hub seaports and trade centers of Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in Mexico, being a prosperous route for more than 200 years. This pioneering navigation of pan-Pacific regions promoted early global maritime trade and can be regarded as a new maritime Silk Road between the East and the West.

The Manila Galleon Navigation is an interesting academic theme which had been investigated and researched by multi-disciplines as archaeology, history, anthropology, marine navigation, oceanology, and etc. in last half century. The seaport sites and shipwrecks underwater are respectively 2 important types of cultural heritage contributing to archaeological reconstruction of galleon navigation history. An international academic workshop of “Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region” was carried out at Harvard University in summer of 2013. Maritime archaeologists from United States, Mexico, England, Philippine and China met to discuss the early pan-Pacific maritime trade history focusing on the perspective of shipwreck archaeology of galleons (Wu, C. editor, Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective, Springer Press, 2016)

A further dialogue on the galleon and related history of maritime cultural interaction between the Eastern Asia and New Spain will be carried out at Amoy on July 21-23, 2017. The meeting calls for papers focusing on the newest developments in the archaeology of the Manila Galleon connecting seaports of Manila in Philippines, Acapulco and San Blas in Mexico, Hagatna in Guans, Haicheng (Amoy), Macao in China, Nagasaki in Japan. A dozen of presentations respectively on different seaports archaeological fieldworks will be welcome. We hope these archaeological discoveries on galleon seaports will open a new window for sighting and understanding the social cultural exchange on the new maritime Silk Road of pan-Pacific region in last 500 years.

Proposed topics:

1, New archaeological discoveries of Manila Galleon Archaeology and related seaports such as Manila in Philippines, Acapulco and San Blas in Mexico, Hagatna in Guans, Haicheng (Amoy), Macao in China, Nagasaki in Japan

2, Maritime cultural heritage of harbors, historical city architecture, maritime folklore and population of different Manila Galleon related seaports.

3, Transportation between Manila Galleon related harbors, and origin of the cargo such as the kilns of the ceramic industry.

4, Trade, merchants, business organizations and navigation, related to the Manila Galleon.

Plus d’informations sur : http://www.southeastasianarchaeology.com/2017/03/07/cfp-archaeology-of-the-seaports-of-manila-galleon-and-the-history-of-early-maritime-globalization/

Bibliographie des thèses et des mémoires sur les massacres de 1965 en Indonésie

Le site indonésien Genosida 1965-1966 propose une bibliographie des thèses et des mémoires consacrés aux massacres de 1965 en Indonésie qui vient s’ajouter à la liste d’ouvrages et de vidéos en ligne sur la question déjà parue sur le même site sous la rubrique Rumah Baca (Pustaka) Genosida 1965.

Voir : https://genosida1965wordpress.wordpress.com/2016/05/29/kumpulan-tesis-dan-disertasi-terkait-genosida-1965-thesis-and-dissertation-on-1965-massacre/

A Vietnamese Moses : Philiphê Bỉnh and the Geographies of Early Modern Catholicism

George Edson Dutton, A Vietnamese Moses : Philiphê Bỉnh and the Geographies of Early Modern Catholicism, University of California Press, 2016

A télécharger sur Luminos, le programme de publication de monographies en libre accès des Presses Universitaires de Californie : http://www.luminosoa.org/site/books/10.1525/luminos.22/

Abstract

Vietnamese Moses is the story of Philiphê Bỉnh, a Vietnamese Catholic priest who in 1796 traveled from Tonkin to the Portuguese court in Lisbon to persuade its ruler to appoint a bishop for his community of ex-Jesuits. Based on Bỉnh’s surviving writings from his thirty-seven-year exile in Portugal, this book examines how the intersections of global and local Roman Catholic geographies shaped the lives of Vietnamese Christians in the early modern era. The book also argues that Bỉnh’s mission to Portugal and his intense lobbying on behalf of his community reflected the agency of Vietnamese Catholics, who vigorously engaged with church politics in defense of their distinctive Portuguese-Catholic heritage. George E. Dutton demonstrates the ways in which Catholic beliefs, histories, and genealogies transformed how Vietnamese thought about themselves and their place in the world. This sophisticated exploration of Vietnamese engagement with both the Catholic Church and Napoleonic Europe provides a unique perspective on the complex history of early Vietnamese Christianity.

Rappel :

Vous pouvez également télécharger sur Luminos le livre d’Erik Harm, Luxury and Rubble : Civility and Dispossession in the New Saigon, University of California Press, 2016  : http://www.luminosoa.org/site/books/10.1525/luminos.20/

 

Vietnam : National treasures go on display

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« National treasures go on display », 05/01/2017, VietNamNet

16 national treasures will be displayed for the first time at the National Museum of Vietnamese History.

The items were recognised as national treasures due to their special cultural and historical value following an appraisal report of the National Council for Cultural Heritage.

The exhibits include a Ngoc Lu bronze drum related to the Dong Son culture dating back up to 2,500 years ago. It is the most beautiful and intact drum of its type yet discovered and was recognised as a national treasure in 2012.

Other exhibited items include a Dao Thinh bronze jar from the Dong Son culture that dates back 2,500 years, a Dong Son statue depicting two men playing pan pipes dating to around 700 BC, and a large Dong Son bronze lamp in the form of a kneeling person, dating back to around 200 AD.

A Viet Khe boat tomb, a bell from Van Ban Pagoda, an 11th century Le Dynasty stele from Nam Giao Temple and a bronze royal stamp from the 12th century Tran Dynasty are also on display.

Other national treasures include the Prison Diary, a 1927 book entitled Revolutionary Road by Ho Chi Minh, and the handwritten draft of President Ho Chi Minh’s appeal to the nation for a resistance war written in late 1946.

The exhibition will run until May.

Voir : http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/art-entertainment/170710/national-treasures-go-on-display.html

Secrets of the Sea: A Tang Shipwreck and Early Trade in Asia

Exhibition : « Secrets of the Sea: A Tang Shipwreck and Early Trade in Asia », 7 March – 4 June 2017, Asia Society, New York

This exhibition brings the precious contents of a shipwreck discovered off Belitung Island in the Java Sea to American audiences for the first time. The remarkable cargo of spice-filled jars and all together more than 60,000 ceramics produced in China during the Tang dynasty (618–907), plus luxury items of gold and silver, was bound for Iran and Iraq. Selected objects illustrate the story of the active exchange of goods, ideas, and culture in Asia more than one thousand years ago. The exhibition will bring to light how this discovery—one of the most important archaeological revelations of the twentieth century—has changed the way we understand ninth-century Asia.

Secrets of the Sea: A Tang Shipwreck and Trade in Early Asia is jointly organized with the Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore. Objects are from the Khoo Teck Puat Gallery, Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore. The Tang Shipwreck Collection was made possible by the generous donation of the Estate of Khoo Teck Puat in honor of the Late Khoo Teck Puat.

Voir un échantillon des objets exposés : http://asiasociety.org/new-york/exhibitions/secrets-sea-tang-shipwreck-and-early-trade-asia#!artworks