Puissance et impuissance de la valeur. L’anthropologie comparative de Louis Dumont
2016, Cécile Barraud, André Iteanu, Ismaël Moya (ed.)
Paris, Cnrs Editions, Socio/Anthropo, Prix : 25
L’anthropologue Louis Dumont (1911-1998) est l’auteur d’une oeuvre importante à présent plus souvent discutée à l’étranger qu’en France. Cet ouvrage interroge sa postérité selon quatre principes que Dumont avait explorés : la mise en perspective de la centralité du pouvoir, la comparaison de configurations sociales globales, une conception peu réifiée des structures sociales et la prise en compte de l’interaction entre les sociétés. Pour les contributeurs, comme pour Dumont, en son temps, l’intensification des rapports entre les sociétés résultant de la mondialisation ne réduit pas les différences sociales, mais les renouvelle en changeant leur nature. Preuve en est, l’icompréhension grandissante entre les peuples, des plus proches aux plus éloignés.
Parce qu’elle fait droit à la diversité du monde contemporain et aux contradictions dynamiques qui l’animent, la comparaison radicale entre les sociétés telle que la propose Louis Dumont a conservé une surprenante fraîcheur.
Ma’Rosa de Brillante Mendoza (2016) Sortie en France le 30 novembre 2016
«Ma’Rosa», le Manille du petit peuple, 29/11/2016, RFI Asie-Pacifique
Ce film a été tourné bien avant l’accès de Rodrigo Duterte à la présidence des Philippines en mai 2016. Depuis, la guerre anti-drogue a tué plus de 3 000 personnes dans le pays… Avec Ma’Rosa, qui sort ce mercredi sur les écrans en France, Brillante Mendoza nous plonge dans une virée nocturne dans les rues d’un quartier pauvre de Manille. Le chef de file du cinéma philippin indépendant réussit brillamment sa traversée cinématographique d’un quartier et d’une société corrompue et désespérante, traversée tournée en immersion totale. Son actrice principale, Jaclyn José, avait décroché le Prix de la meilleure interprétation féminine au dernier Festival de Cannes.
This book examines the political landscape that took shape in Myanmar after the 2010 elections and the subsequent transition from direct military rule to a quasi-civilian ‘hybrid’ regime. Striking political, social, and economic transformations have indeed taken place in the long-isolated country since the military junta was disbanded in March 2011. To better construe – and question – what has routinely been labeled a ‘Burmese Spring’, Egreteau examines the reasons behind the ongoing political transition, as well as the role of the Burmese armed forces in that process, drawing on in-depth interviews with Burmese political actors, party leaders, parliamentarians and retired army officers.
Feasting has long played a crucial role in the social, political, and economic dynamics of village life. It is far more than a gustatory and social diversion from daily work routines: alliances are brokered by feasts; debts are created and political battles waged. Feasts create enormous pressure to increase the production of food and prestige items in order to achieve the social and political goals of their promoters. In fact, Brian Hayden argues, the domestication of plants and animals likely resulted from such feasting pressures. Feasting has been one of the most important forces behind cultural change since the end of the Paleolithic era.
THESE : Lamak : ritual objects in Bali by L. Francine Brinkgreve Soutenue le 21/09/2016 à l’Université de Leyde
A lamak is a long narrow hanging that is an essential requirement at most rituals in Bali. Made usually of palm leaves, it is by nature ephemeral. Although permanent forms of lamak, made of cloth or coins, exist, the ephemeral palm leaf form must be present. Hung from altars and shrines, a lamak serves as base for offerings and attracts deities and deified ancestors to them. Decorative motifs representing sources of life are ordered according to Balinese concepts of the vertical structure of the cosmos. Through offerings and the active role of the lamak, worshippers offer thanks to their deities and request prosperity and protection. Despite decades of change and modernization in Bali, the role of the lamak has survived intact. This is the first study to examine in detail this unique form of ephemeral material culture which is a prominent aspect of Balinese creativity. The study answers the question: why do Balinese make lamak and why do they continue to make them time and again? It examines the use and function of the lamak in ritual, the motifs that decorate them, the materials and techniques to make them, regional and individual styles, and processes of change and commercialization.
Mekong Review, vol. 2, no. 1, November 2016 – January 2017
Issue 5 begins with a brilliant review from Antonia Bryan, who writes on the conundrum that is the Khmer Rouge’s executor-in-chief, Duch; then a chilling and timely interview with Thai journalist Thaweeporn Kummetha on life as a journalist in Thailand today; David Eimer on the ongoing ethnic strife in Myanmar; and Peter Zinoman on Chistopher Goscha’s ground-breaking Penguin history of Vietnam.
Elsewhere, we have pieces on everything from the Indian Ocean to Agent Orange, architecture to ecology, and contemporary dance and crime fiction. As well as poems from Maung Philar and Krysada Panusith Phounsiri.
Les concours de chants d’oiseaux en Thaïlande et Le duel vocal sur le ring de boxe thaïlandaise sont les deux derniers épisodes d’une série de huit cartes postales sonores réalisées en collaboration avec les anthropologues de MILSON, un programme du Centre de recherche en ethnomusicologie (CNRS) qui étudie et raconte la diversité des sociétés du monde à travers ses milieux sonores.
The Journal of World History seeks submissions on the topic of Gender and Empire. For more than three decades scholars have incorporated gender studies into traditional imperial histories to draw attention to the myriad ways in which imperial projects co-created modern gender identities. Emerging from scholarship on the major European empires of the 19th and 20th centuries (British, French, German, and Dutch), studies of gender and empire now include the United States, Russia, and Japan. Similarly, scholarship on colonized areas around the globe now includes Latin America, both postcolonial and neo-colonial, in addition to Africa and Asia.
Angkor replicated: how Cambodian workshops produce fake masterpieces, and get away with it by Martin Polkinghorne, 26/11/2016, The Conversation
As part of my work as an archaeologist, my team and I recently discovered an ancient artists’ studio in UNESCO-listed Angkor, an area in Cambodia that was home to numerous capitals of the Khmer Empire and is now one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia…
But for about the same amount of time that looted art has been traded between buyers and sellers, another issue has remained hidden.
Fakes have overrun the Cambodian antiquity market, their authenticity obscured by the skill of the artists who make them. Indeed, a significant proportion of the artists are so accomplished that the modern origins of their work will probably never be recognised.
Batak manuscripts in the British Library by Annabal Teh Gallop, 28/11/2016, Asian and African Studies blog (British Library)
Accès direct aux mss dans le corps de l’article et bibliographie.
The Batak peoples of north Sumatra are associated with a distinctive writing culture, with manuscripts written on a range of organic materials, primarily tree bark, bamboo and bone. Most characteristic are the bark books known as pustaha, written on strips of bark of the alim (Aquilaria malaccensis) tree, which is folded concertina-fashion, and sometime furnished with wooden covers, which can be beautifully decorated. Probably because of their intriguing appearance, Batak manuscripts are encountered in more libraries and museums in Britain than manuscripts in any other Indonesian language.
“An Atlas of Mirrors”: 10 highlights from Singapore Biennale 2016, 18/11/2016, Art Radar
The fifth edition of the Singapore Biennale 2016 opened on 27 October and will run until 26 February 2017.
Organised by the Singapore Art Museum (SAM), the fifth Singapore Biennale is titled “An Atlas of Mirrors” and features contemporary works by 63 artists and art collectives from 19 countries in Southeast Asia, and East and South Asia. The mega exhibition, which had its first edition nine years ago, started with an international outlook but has gradually narrowed its focus on the art of Southeast Asia and its surrounding regions.
The exhibition is divided into nine tongue twisting sub-themes, which can be simplified into the following categories:
ideas of space and place;
myths, cyclical time and the ahistorical;
cultural legacies, beliefs and memory;
nature and culture;
the contestation of borders;
agency, representation and voices of resistance;
national and cultural identities;
migratory experiences and displacement; and
re-imagining histories that have been marginalised.
With 58 artworks at the Biennale, making a list of ten is not only difficult but limiting. As the 2016 Singapore Biennale unfolds over the months, Art Radar will bring you more highlights of the works on show. The works listed here are mere entry points to the mega exhibition, which can be negotiated in multiple ways. Will the coupling of an atlas and the curiosities of the mirror shift our perception of the world? An Atlas of Mirrors positions Southeast Asia as a vantage point through which we can recognise our world anew.
I Want To Live – The Rohingyas, by Suthep Kritsanavarin, 13/11/2016, Invisible Photographer Asia
Thai Photojournalist Suthep Kritsanavarin has worked on an investigative report on the Rohingyas since 2008, chronicling their horrifying journeys from Burma and Bangladesh to Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and even to Australia.
Rohingyas are Burmese Muslims who are labeled as aliens by their own government and marginalized and persecuted in Myanmar and other South and Southeast Asian countries where they take refuge. Their predicament is exacerbated by their statelessness and the lack of concerted efforts by regional governments, political bodies, and international NGOs.
The Pain Haka burial ground on Flores: Indonesian evidence for a shared Neolithic belief system in Southeast Asia by Jean-Christophe Galipaud et al. in Antiquity, vol. 90, no. 354 (déc. 2016)
Recent excavations at the coastal cemetery of Pain Haka on Flores have revealed evidence of burial practices similar to those documented in other parts of Southeast Asia. Chief among these is the use of pottery jars alongside other forms of container for the interment of the dead. The dating of the site combined with the fact that this burial practice is present over such a wide geographic area suggests a widespread belief system during the Neolithic period across much of Southeast Asia.