Archives de catégorie : Ouvrages

Sovereign Women in a Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs of Aceh, 1641−1699

Sher Banu A.L. Khan, Sovereign Women in a Muslim Kingdom: The Sultanahs of Aceh, 1641−1699, NUS Press, 2017

The Islamic kingdom of Aceh was ruled by queens for half of the 17th century. Was female rule an aberration? Unnatural? A violation of nature, comparable to hens instead of roosters crowing at dawn? Indigenous texts and European sources offer different evaluations. Drawing on both sets of sources, this book shows that female rule was legitimised both by Islam and adat (indigenous customary laws), and provides original insights on the Sultanah’s leadership, their relations with male elites, and their encounters with European envoys who visited their court. The book challenges received views on kingship in the Malay world and the response of indigenous polities to east-west encounters in Southeast Asia’s Age of Commerce.

« We have waited too long for a book such as this. It explores the extraordinary phenomenon of a preference for queens in the golden age of Islamic Aceh. Countering the dominant nationalist, feminist and Islamic scholarship, all of which find uncongenial the striking phenomenon of a preference for queens in early modern Asian Islam, Banu has utilized rich primary sources to reveal a queenship that was truly Islamic, effective and benign. This book is a revelation. Read it. »
Anthony Reid, The Australian National University

« Sher Banu’s superb study based on a host of newly discovered contemporary source materials throws new light on a hotly discussed topic among historians of Southeast Asian statecraft in Early Modern time. »
Leonard Blusse, Leiden University

« The author is to be congratulated on a book that makes a significant contribution both to the history of Southeast Asia and to comparative studies on women in early modern Asia. »
Barbara Watson Andaya and Leonard Y. Andaya, University of Hawai‘i 

Voir : https://nuspress.nus.edu.sg/products/sovereign-women-in-a-muslim-kingdom-the-sultanahs-of-aceh-1641-1699

Feminisms and Contemporary Art in Indonesia : defining experiences

Wulan Dirgantoro, Feminisms and Contemporary Art in Indonesia : defining experiences, Amsterdam University Press, 2017

While Indonesian contemporary art is currently on the rise on the international art scene, there hasn’t yet been an in-depth study of the works of Indonesian women artists and the feminist strategies they employ within the art world. This book fills that gap, presenting the first comprehensive study of feminisms and contemporary arts in Indonesia, using feminist readings to analyze the works of Indonesian women artists historically and today, illuminating the sociocultural contexts in which they have worked and offering a nuanced understanding of local feminisms in the nation.

Table des matières sur : http://en.aup.nl/books/9789089648457-feminisms-and-contemporary-art-in-indonesia.html

Singapour, héroïne de BD

Singapour, héroïne de BD par Patrick de Jacquelot, 11/05/2017, Asialyst

Un éblouissant ouvrage complètement hors normes, la biographie d’un auteur de BD imaginaire de Singapour, livre en toile de fond l’histoire de la cité-État.

Charlie Chan Hock Chye, une vie dessinée, scénario et dessins Sonny Liew, Urban Graphic, 320 p.

C’est un véritable tour de force que Charlie Chan Hock Chye, une vie dessinée*, cette monographie qui a tout d’une vraie – l’épaisseur, la variété des documents reproduits, planches de BD, esquisses, couvertures de magazines, toiles, et plusieurs centaines de notes de bas de page érudites – mais où tout est inventé. Comme de nombreux ouvrages consacrés à des artistes réels de BD, le livre mêle interviews de l’auteur – montrés ici en bande dessinée, évidemment – et documents de toutes sortes. Charlie Chan, censé être né en 1938, raconte sa vie. Sa passion pour la BD se manifeste dès l’enfance, comme en témoignent les pages de cahiers d’écolier reproduites, et débouche sur une première histoire réalisée à l’âge de seize ans, Ah Huat et le robot géant, dans un style très enfantin. Le style de l’auteur imaginaire évoluera beaucoup par la suite…

Par la suite, Charlie Chan varie ses registres : des histoires de science-fiction racontent les luttes pour le pouvoir à Singapour ; il imagine un super héros « local », étape de son travail illustrée par une profusion d’esquisses, de couvertures abîmées de fascicules anciens ou bien de coupures de journaux racontant des faits divers censés avoir inspiré ses histoires.

Les bandes dessinées ainsi « reproduites » reconstituent mine de rien toute l’histoire de la cité-État : guerre, décolonisation, fusion puis séparation de Singapour et de la Fédération de la Malaya, affrontement fondateur entre Lee Kuan Yew, qui deviendra le Premier ministre « père de la patrie », et son rival Lim Chin Siong, homme de gauche qui, ayant eu le dessous, s’exile à Londres. L’impact supposé des événements parfois tragiques sur l’auteur imaginaire est rendu avec beaucoup de subtilité. Au lendemain d’émeutes raciales ayant fait de nombreux morts en 1964, Charlie Chan « publie » une BD de sa série animalière composée de paysages où toute vie est totalement absente.

L’artiste se montre toute sa vie fort critique des autorités. Les attaques contre la politique du PAP, le parti de Lee Kuan Yew devenu omnipotent, sont multiples : Charlie Chan est présenté comme un rebelle pacifique, s’employant dans la solitude à dénoncer les dérives autoritaires du régime. Des planches incendiaires s’en prennent aux tentations eugéniques du gouvernement de Singapour, désireux de promouvoir la natalité des seules mères diplômées (planches « non publiées », est-il précisé en note !). Un pastiche de « Picsou » s’attaque aux pratiques de la place financière de Singapour.

Sonny Liew (le véritable auteur) ne retrace pas seulement l’histoire de la ville : il livre simultanément un portrait passionnant de l’évolution de la bande dessinée sur cette même période, à Singapour bien sûr mais aussi plus globalement. Les difficultés rencontrées par Charlie Chan pour se faire publier, dans ses premières années d’activité, soulignent l’ignorance totale de cette forme d’expression artistique qui prévalait à la fin des années 1950 et dans les années 1960. Le dessinateur et son comparse scénariste doivent démarcher des imprimeurs qui le plus souvent refusent de prendre le risque de telles publications et trouvent bien chère l’utilisation de la couleur. Toute sa vie supposée, l’artiste aura d’ailleurs les plus grandes difficultés à vivre de son œuvre : pendant tout un moment, il est décrit comme vivant grâce à un travail de veilleur de nuit qui lui laisse de nombreuses heures disponibles pour dessiner.

Totalement original, cet ouvrage constitue une étonnante mise en abyme. L’auteur – le vrai – va jusqu’à représenter côte à côte, dans des styles totalement différents, un incident survenu dans la vie de son héros et l’interprétation que ce dernier en donne en BD. La mise en abyme se retrouve aussi dans la reproduction de planches de BD autobiographiques à l’intérieur de la BD biographique… Et on la retrouve dans le monde « réel réel » : alors que tout au long de sa carrière, Charlie Chan le rebelle connaît de nombreux ennuis avec le gouvernement passablement autoritaire de Singapour, Sonny Liew n’est pas épargné dans la vraie vie. Lors de la publication de Charlie Chan Hock Chye, les pouvoirs publics de la cité-État ont retiré à son éditeur la subvention qui lui avait été déjà versée, considérant que l’œuvre s’attaquait à la légitimité et à l’autorité du gouvernement…

Lire l’intégralité du texte sur : https://asialyst.com/fr/2017/05/11/singapour-heroine-de-bd/

En route vers le Royaume-Uni : enquête de terrain auprès des migrants vietnamiens

Danielle Tan, Thi Hiep Nguyen, En route vers le Royaume-Uni : enquête de terrain auprès des migrants vietnamiens, Une étude de l’IRASEC et France terre d’asile, Les cahiers du social n°38 // Mars 2017.

A télécharger sur : http://www.france-terre-asile.org/images/stories/publications/pdf/En_route_vers_le_Royaume-Uni__enqu__te_de_terrain_aupr__s_des_migrants_vietnamiens.pdf

 

New Religiosities, Modern Capitalism, and Moral Complexities in Southeast Asia

Juliette Koning, Gwenaël Njoto-Feillard (eds), New Religiosities, Modern Capitalism, and Moral Complexities in Southeast Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017

As Southeast Asia experiences unprecedented economic modernization, religious and moral practices are being challenged as never before. From Thai casinos to Singaporean megachurches, from the practitioners of Islamic Finance in Jakarta to Pentecostal Christians in rural Cambodia, this volume discusses the moral complexities that arise when religious and economic developments converge. In the past few decades, Southeast Asia has seen growing religious pluralism and antagonisms as well as the penetration of a market economy and economic liberalism. Providing a multidisciplinary, cross-regional snapshot of a region in the midst of profound change, this text is a key read for scholars of religion, economists, non-governmental organization workers, and think-tankers across the region.

Voir : https://www.palgrave.com/de/book/9789811029684

 

The Mists of Ramanna : The Legend That Was Lower Burma

Michael A. Aung-Thwin, The Mists of Ramanna : The Legend That Was Lower Burma, University of Hawaii Press, 2005

Scholars have long accepted the belief that a Theravada Buddhist Mon kingdom, Ramannadesa, flourished in coastal Lower Burma until it was conquered in 1057 by King Aniruddha of Pagan—which then became, in essence, the new custodian and repository of Mon culture in the Upper Burmese interior. This scenario, which Aung-Thwin calls the «  »Mon Paradigm, » » has circumscribed much of the scholarship on early Burma and significantly shaped the history of Southeast Asia for more than a century. Now, in a masterful reassessment of Burmese history, Michael Aung-Thwin reexamines the original contemporary accounts and sources without finding any evidence of an early Theravada Mon polity or a conquest by Aniruddha. The paradigm, he finds, cannot be sustained. Aung-Thwin meticulously traces the paradigm’s creation to the merging of two temporally, causally, and contextually unrelated Mon and Burmese narratives.

A télécharger sur Oapen Library : http://oapen.org/search?identifier=625896#.WPAx4CBr-mw.email

Early Views of Indonesia: Drawings from the British Library

Annabel Teh Gallop, Early Views of Indonesia: Drawings from the British Library, London : The British Library, Jakarta : Yayasan Lontar, 1995, p. 132.

Annabel Gallop’s bilingual book, Early Views of Indonesia: Drawings from the British Library, is now available free online. This book is the catalogue of an exhibition held in Jakarta in 1995 to mark the presentation to the National Library of Indonesia of a complete set of facsimile reproductions of 510 archaeological drawings of Indonesia in the British Library. The presentation was a gift from the British government to the people of the Republic of Indonesia to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Indonesian independence.

A lire sur : http://library.lontar.org/flipbooks/Early Views Of Indonesia/Early Views Of Indonesia.html#/1/

Contemporary Indonesian Art: Artists, Art Spaces, and Collectors

Yvonne Spielmann, Contemporary Indonesian Art: Artists, Art Spaces, and Collectors, NUS Press, 2017

Indonesian art entered the global contemporary art world of independent curators, art fairs, and biennales in the 1990s. By the mid-2000s, Indonesian works were well-established on the Asian secondary art market, achieving record-breaking prices at auction houses in Singapore and Hong Kong. This comprehensive overview introduces Indonesian contemporary art in a fresh and stimulating manner, demonstrating how contemporary art breaks from colonial and post-colonial power structures, and grapples with issues of identity and nation-building in Indonesia. Across different media, in performance and installation, it amalgamates ethnic, cultural, and religious references in its visuals, and confidently brings together the traditional (batik, woodcut, dance, Javanese shadow puppet theater) with the contemporary (comics and manga, graffiti, advertising, pop culture).

Spielmann’s Contemporary Indonesian Art surveys the key artists, curators, institutions, and collectors in the local art scene and looks at the significance of Indonesian art in the Asian context. Through this book, originally published in German, Spielmann stakes a claim for the global relevance of Indonesian art.

Voir : https://nuspress.nus.edu.sg/collections/frontpage/products/contemporary-indonesian-art-artists-art-spaces-and-collectors

The Buddha in Lanna: Art, Lineage, Power, and Place in Northern Thailand

Angela S. Chiu, The Buddha in Lanna: Art, Lineage, Power, and Place in Northern Thailand, University of Hawaii Press, 2017

For centuries, wherever Thai Buddhists have made their homes, statues of the Buddha have provided striking testament to the role of Buddhism in the lives of the people. The Buddha in Lanna offers the first in-depth historical study of the Thai tradition of donation of Buddha statues. Drawing on palm-leaf manuscripts and inscriptions, many never previously translated into English, the book reveals the key roles that Thai Buddha images have played in the social and economic worlds of their makers and devotees from the fifteenth to twentieth centuries.

Author Angela Chiu introduces stories from chronicles, histories, and legends written by monks in Lanna, a region centered in today’s northern Thailand. By examining the stories’ themes, structures, and motifs, she illuminates the complex conceptual and material aspects of Buddha images that influenced their functions in Lanna society. Buddha images were depicted as social agents and mediators, the focal points of pan-regional political-religious lineages and rivalries, indeed, as the very generators of history itself. In the chronicles, Buddha images also unified the Buddha with the northern Thai landscape, thereby integrating Buddhist and local conceptions of place. By comparing Thai Buddha statues with other representations of the Buddha, the author underscores the contribution of the Thai evidence to a broader understanding of how different types of Buddha representations were understood to mediate the “presence” of the Buddha.

The Buddha in Lanna focuses on the Thai Buddha image as a part of the wider society and history of its creators and worshippers beyond monastery walls, shedding much needed light on the Buddha image in history. With its impressive range of primary sources, this book will appeal to students and scholars of Buddhism and Buddhist art history, Thai studies, and Southeast Asian religious studies.

Voir : http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/p-9745-9780824858742.aspx

Liberalism and the Postcolony: Thinking the State in 20th-Century Philippines

Lisandro E. Claudio, Liberalism and the Postcolony: Thinking the State in 20th-Century Philippines, NUS Press, 2017

Extricating liberalism from the haze of anti-modernist and anti-European caricature, this book traces the role of liberal philosophy in the building of a new nation. It examines the role of toleration, rights, and mediation in the postcolony. Through the biographies of four Filipino scholar-bureaucrats—Camilo Osias, Salvador Araneta, Carlos P. Romulo, and Salvador P. Lopez—Lisandro E. Claudio argues that liberal thought served as the grammar of Filipino democracy in the 20th century. By looking at various articulations of liberalism in pedagogy, international affairs, economics, and literature, Claudio not only narrates an obscured history of the Philippine state, he also argues for a new liberalism rooted in the postcolonial experience, a timely intervention considering current developments in politics in Southeast Asia.

Voir : https://nuspress.nus.edu.sg/products/liberalism-and-the-postcolony-thinking-the-state-in-20th-century-philippines?variant=29097674706

The Rise of the Octobrists in Contemporary Thailand

Kanokrak Lertchoosakul, The Rise of the Octobrists in Contemporary Thailand : Power and Conflict Among Former Left-Wing Student Activists in Thai Politics, Yale Southeast Asia Studies Monograph #65, 2017

This book chronicles the history of the “Octobrist” students in Thai politics from the 1970s to the present. It examines the reasons why these former leftist student activists have managed to remain a significant force over the past three decades despite the collapse of left-wing politics in Thailand at both the national and international levels. At the same time, it asks why the Octobrists have become increasingly divided, particularly during the last decade’s protracted conflict in Thai politics. In addition, it fills in gaps in studies of leftists in transition at the global level on the question of the historical development of leftist and progressive forces in the post–Cold War era. The book is also important for readers interested in social movement theory, demonstrating how it has influenced political actors outside the boundaries of typical social movements. Finally, political opportunity structure, resource mobilization theory, and the framing process are used to conduct a  comprehensive analysis of the origins, emergence, and transformation of the Octobrists in contemporary Thai politics.

Kanokrat Lertchoosakul completed her PhD in government at the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom. She is a lecturer in the Faculty of Political Science, Department of Government, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Voir : http://cseas.yale.edu/rise-octobrists

REVIEW : Keyakinan dan Kekuatan: Seni Bela Diri Silat Banten

Gabriel Facal, Keyakinan dan Kekuatan: Seni Bela Diri Silat Banten (Faith and Force: The Silat Martial Arts of Banten), Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia and O’ong Maryono Pencak Silat Award, 2016

Reviewed by Abdul Hamid in Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, no. 21

Keyakinan dan Kekuatan is developed from a Ph.D. dissertation, originally entitled (in French) “La foi et la force: L’art Silat martial de Banten en Indonésie,” written by Gabriel Facal. Facal is an ethnographer and a martial artist who has been practicing in various silat (traditional martial art) schools (paguron) in Banten, Indonesia. Nicely translated by Arya Seta, it was first published in Indonesian to target Indonesian readers.

As its title suggests, there are two unique aspects of the Bantenese Martial Arts: faith (“keyakinan”) and force (“kekuatan”). Facal argues that the interweaving of these two aspects has differentiated Bantenese Silat from other kind of martial arts, even within Indonesia’s regional martial arts traditions.

Strengthening faith is considered the first step to learn silat rituals. After this first step, faith is instrumental to be integrated in the fighting techniques/the forces of the silat. Faith and fighting techniques complement each other in order to gain physical, mental, and moral power, at the same time. Thus, in Bantenese martial arts, both religion and ritual practice are blended and in turn strengthen each other to perfection…

Lire la suite sur : https://kyotoreview.org/book-review/keyakinan-dan-kekuatan/

 

New Perspectives in Southeast Asian and Pacific Prehistory

Philip J. Piper, Hirofumi Matsumura, David Bulbeck (eds), New Perspectives in Southeast Asian and Pacific Prehistory,  ANU Press, Terra Australis 45

Ouvrage en ligne et en libre accès

Table des matières :

  1. Professor Peter Bellwood’s Ongoing Journey in Archaeology by Hsiao-chun Hung
  2. Initial Movements of Modern Humans in East Eurasia by Naruya Saitou, Timothy A. Jinam, Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama and Katsushi Tokunaga
  3. Ancient DNA Analysis of Palaeolithic Ryukyu Islanders by Ken-ichi Shinoda and Noboru Adachi
  4. Mid-Holocene Hunter-Gatherers ‘Gaomiao’ in Hunan, China: The First of the Two-layer Model in the Population History of East/Southeast Asia by Hirofumi Matsumura, Hsiao-chun Hung  Nguyen Lan Cuong, Ya-feng Zhao, Gang He and Zhang Chi
  5. Using Dental Metrical Analysis to Determine the Terminal Pleistocene and Holocene Population History of Java by Sofwan Noerwidi
  6. Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene Human Occupation in the Rainforests of East Kalimantan by Karina Arifin
  7. Understanding the Callao Cave Depositional History by Armand Salvador Mijares
  8. Traditions of Jars as Mortuary Containers in the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago by David Bulbeck
  9. An Son Ceramics in the Neolithic Landscape of Mainland Southeast Asia by Carmen Sarjeant
  10. The Ryukyu Islands and the Northern Frontier of Prehistoric Austronesian Settlement by Mark J. Hudson
  11. The Western Route Migration: A Second Probable Neolithic Diffusion to Indonesia by Truman Simanjuntak
  12. Enter the Ceramic Matrix: Identifying the Nature of the Early Austronesian Settlement in the Cagayan Valley, Philippines by Helen Heath, Glenn R. Summerhayes and Hsiao-chun Hung
  13. Colonisation and/or Cultural Contacts: A Discussion of the Western Micronesian Case by Michiko Intoh
  14. Integrating Experimental Archaeology, Phytolith Analysis and Ethnographic Fieldwork to Study the Origin of Farming in China by Tracey L.-D. Lu
  15. The Origins and Arrival of the Earliest Domestic Animals in Mainland and Island Southeast Asia: A Developing Story of Complexity by Philip J. Piper
  16. Historical Linguistics and Archaeology: An Uneasy Alliance by Robert Blust
  17. Were the First Lapita Colonisers of Remote Oceania Farmers as Well as Foragers? by Andrew Pawley
  18. The Sa Huynh Culture in Ancient Regional Trade Networks: A Comparative Study of Ornaments by Nguyen Kim Dung
  19. Austronesian Migration to Central Vietnam: Crossing over the Iron Age Southeast Asian Sea by Mariko Yamagata and Hirofumi Matsumura
  20. Matting Impressions from Lo Gach: Materiality at Floor Level by Judith Cameron
  21. The Prehistoric House: A Missing Factor in Southeast Asia by Charles Higham

A télécharger sur : http://press.anu.edu.au/publications/series/terra-australis/new-perspectives-southeast-asian-and-pacific-prehistory-terra/download

Spirits and Ships: Cultural Transfers in Early Monsoon Asia

Andrea Acri, Roger Blench, Alexandra Landmann,  Spirits and Ships: Cultural Transfers in Early Monsoon Asia, ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute, 2017

Abstract

This volume seeks to foreground a borderless history and geography of South, Southeast, and East Asian littoral zones that would be maritime-focused, and thereby explore the ancient connections and dynamics of interaction that favoured the encounters among the cultures found throughout the region stretching from the Indian Ocean littorals to the Western Pacific, from the early historical period to the present. Transcending the artificial boundaries of macro-regions and nation-states, and trying to bridge the arbitrary divide between (inherently cosmopolitan) high cultures (e.g. Sanskritic, Sinitic, or Islamicate) and local or indigenous cultures, this multidisciplinary volume explores the metaphor of Monsoon Asia as a vast geo-environmental area inhabited by speakers of numerous language phyla, which for millennia has formed an integrated system of littorals where crops, goods, ideas, cosmologies, and ritual practices circulated on the sea-routes governed by the seasonal monsoon winds. The collective body of work presented in the volume describes Monsoon Asia as an ideal theatre for circulatory dynamics of cultural transfer, interaction, acceptance, selection, and avoidance, and argues that, despite the rich ethnic, linguistic and sociocultural diversity, a shared pattern of values, norms, and cultural models is discernible throughout the region.

Voir la table des matières sur :